St. Jerome Catholic Church and School - Bronx, N.Y. (Forgotten NY website)
 
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Church of St. Jerome
(Roman Catholic)

230 Alexander Avenue and East 138th Street
Bronx, N.Y. 10454
http://stjeromenyc.org/




The Roman Catholic Church of St. Jerome, in the Mott Haven area of the Bronx, was established in 1869 to serve and support Irish and German immigrants. In the postwar years, the congregation included large numbers of Puerto Ricans who had moved into the area, and more recently immigrants from the Dominican Republic and Mexico.

The present church, designed by Delhi & Howard and built in 1898, is noted for its 100-foot main tower and cavernous interior. Some early parishioners referred to their church as "the cathedral of the Bronx." In 1986, the Mott Haven Historic District—which includes St. Jerome's Church—was designated by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission.
           
  W.W. Kimball Organ (c.1900) in St. Jerome Catholic Church - Bronx, N.Y. (photo: Sebastian Glück)
   
 
W.W. Kimball Organ (c.1900) in St. Jerome Catholic Church - Bronx, N.Y. (photo: Sebastian Glück)
W. W. Kimball Company
Chicago, Ill. (1900)
Tubular-pneumatic action; elec. by Estey
3 manuals, 35 stops, 37 ranks




The organ in St. Jerome's Church was originally built by the W.W. Kimball Company of Chicago. Kimball installed the pipes and mechanisms behind two cases that flank the stained-glass windows in the gallery. On the left side are the Great and Choir divisions, with speaking façade pipes from the Great 16' and 8' Diapasons, and on the right side are the Swell and Pedal divisions. Kimball employed tubular-pneumatic action, a feature that proved to be unreliable in many of that firm's organs of the period.

At an unknown time, the organ was mechanically rebuilt by the Estey Organ Company of Brattlesboro, Vt. Estey installed electro-pneumatic action and the three-manual console that exists today.

After more than a century of use and water damage the organ was nearly unplayable. In 2012 the church contracted with Glück Pipe Organs of New York City to restore various components of the historic instrument. During restoration work, the date "August 16, 1900" was found written inside one of the windchests.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, partially enclosed with Choir
16
  Double Open Diapason *
61
4
  Flute Harmonic
61
8
  Open Diapason *
61
2 2/3
  Octave Quint
61
8
  Doppel Flute
61
2
  Super Octave
61
8
  Gamba (tin) *
61
  Mixture III ranks (15-17-19)
183
8
  Dulciana
61
8
  Trumpet
61
4
  Octave
61
  Great Unison Off

     

 
* unenclosed
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon Bass
12
2
  Flautino
61
16
  Bourdon Treble [TC]
49
8
  Cornopean
61
8
  Open Diapason
61
8
  Oboe
61
8
  Stopped Diapason
61
8
  Vox Humana (sep. chest)
61
8
  Unda Maris
61
  Tremolo
8
  Salicional
61
  Swell to Swell 16'
8
  Aeoline
61
  Swell Unison Off
4
  Flute Traverso
61
  Swell to Swell 4'
4
  Violina
61
   
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Geigen Principal
61
2
  Harmonic Piccolo
61
8
  Melodia
61
8
  Clarinet
61
8
  Dolce
61
  Tremolo
4
  Flute d'Amour
61
  Choir Unison Off
4
  Fugara
61
  Choir to Choir 4'
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes (32-note pedalboard)
16
  Open Diapason (wood)
30
8
  Cello
30
16
  Bourdon (wood)
30
16
  Trombone (wood)
30
10 2/3
  Quint (wood)
30
   
               
Couplers
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Great 8', 4'
    Great to Pedal 8', 4'   Choir to Great 8', 4'
    Choir to Pedal 8'   Swell to Choir 16', 8'
           
Sources:
     Church of St. Jerome web site: http://stjeromenyc.org/
     Dolkart, Andrew S. and Matthew A. Postal. Guide to New York City Landmarks (Third Edition). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2004.
     Flanders, Stephanie. "Mott Haven Journal; For Generations, a Sanctuary for Immigrants in the Bronx," The New York Times (May 27, 2001).
     Glück, Sebastian. Specifications of W.W. Kimball Organ (1900) and present Estey console.
     Shelley, Thomas J. The Bicentennial History of the Archdiocese of New York 1808-2008. Strasbourg: Éditions du Signe, 2007.

Illustrations:
     Glück, Sebastian. Photos (2012) of gallery and W.W. Kimball Organ (1900).
     Shelley, Thomas J. The Bicentennial History of the Archdiocese of New York 1808-2008. Exterior.