Academy of Music

126 East 14th Street between Third and Fourth Avenues
New York, N.Y. 10003


Organ Specifications:
126 East 14th Street (1926-1997)
• III/15"Style 260 Special" Wurlitzer, Op. 1406 (1926)
125 East 14th Street at Irving Place (1854-burned 1866; reb. 1868-razed 1926)
III/15 M.P. Möller, Inc., Op. 3801 (1924)
III/20 M.P. Möller, Inc., Op. 1792 (1914)
I/7 Hilborne L. Roosevelt, Op. 62 (1878)
• George Jardine & Son (1859)


Anon. 1870 stereoview of Academy of Music - New York City   Grand Ball at the Academy of Music - New York City (Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper, 1871)
Stereoview, anon. 1870  
Grand Ball - 1871
Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper












Irving Place entrance of the Academy of Music - New York City (Cinema Treasures)   14th Street entrance of the Academy of Music - New York City (Cinema Treasures)
Irving Place Entrance  
14th Street Entrance














Fox Academy of Music (Architecture and Building, Jan. 1927)   Fox Academy of Music (Architecture and Building, Jan. 1927)
Fox Academy of Music (Architecture and Building, January 1927)
               
  Wurlitzer Organ, Op. 1406 (1926) in the Academy of Music - New York City
Organ in the second Academy of Music building:

Wurlitzer Organ Company
North Tonawanda, N.Y. – Opus 1406 (1926)
Electro-pneumatic action
Style 260 Special
3 manuals, 17 ranks, 7 tuned percussions, 14 traps



The organ in the second Academy of Music building was built by the Wurlitzer Organ Company and had a factory date of July 30, 1926. Wurlitzer's Op. 1406 was a "Style 260 Special" due to the addition of a second Tibia (in the Main Chamber) and a second Vox Humana (in the Solo Chamber). The actual stoprail specification has not been located, but following is the standard "Style 260" specification with suggestions (in italics) showing where the added second Tibia and Vox Humana may have been playable.
           
Pedal – 32 notes
16
  Ophicleide     Bass Drum
16
  Diaphone (metal)     Kettle Drum
16
  Tibia Clausa (S)     Snare Drum
16
  Bourdon     Crash Cymbal
8
  Tuba Horn     Cymbal
8
  Octave     Great to Pedal
8
  Tibia Clausa (M)     Solo to Pedal
8
  Tibia Clausa (S)      
8
  Clarinet     Pedal 2nd Touch
8
  Saxophone
16
  Diaphone
8
  String
16
  Ophicleide – Pizzicato
8
  Cello      
8
  Flute     1st Touch & 2nd Touch Traps Switch
4
  Flute      
16
  Piano     3 Combination Toe Pistons
           
Accompaniment (Manual I) –- 61 notes
16
  Contra Viol (TC)
8
  Piano
16
  Bourdon
4
  Piano
16
  Vox Humana (M) (TC)     Mandolin
8
  Tuba Horn     Marimba (re-it)
8
  Diaphonic Diapason     Harp
8
  Tibia Clausa (M)     Crysoglott
8
  Tibia Clausa (S)     Snare Drum
8
  Clarinet     Tambourine
8
  Saxophone     Castanets
8
  String     Chinese Block
8
  Viole d'Orchestre     Tom Tom
8
  Viole Celeste      
8
  Oboe Horn     Accompaniment 2nd Touch
8
  Quintadena
8
  Tuba Horn
8
  Flute
8
  Tibia Clausa (S)
8
  Vox Humana (M)
  Cathedral Chimes
8
  Vox Humana (S)     Sleigh Bells
4
  Piccolo (S)     Xylophone
4
  Viole     Triangle
4
  Octave Celeste     Solo to Accomp.
4
  Flute     Solo to Accomp. –- Pizzicato
4
  Vox Humana (M)      
4
  Vox Humana (S)     10 Double Touch Adjustable
2 2/3
  Twelfth          Combination Pistons
2
  Piccolo (S)      
        Suitable Bass
           
Great (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Ophicleide
4
  Flute
16
  Diaphone
2 2/3
  Twelfth
16
  Tibia Clausa (M)
2
  Fifteenth
16
  Tibia Clausa (S)
2
  Piccolo (S)
16
  Clarinet (TC)
1 3/5
  Tierce
16
  Saxophone (TC)
16
  Piano
16
  Contra Viol (TC)
8
  Piano
16
  Bourdon
4
  Piano
8
  Trumpet     Marimba (re-it)
8
  Tuba Horn     Harp
8
  Diaphonic Diapason     Cathedral Chimes
8
  Tibia Clausa (M)     Xylophone
8
  Tibia Clausa (S)     Glockenspiel
8
  Clarinet     Orchestral Bells (re-it)
8
  Orchestral Oboe     Sleigh Bells
8
  Kinura     Chrysoglott
8
  Saxophone     Solo to Great
8
  String      
8
  Viole d'Orchestre     Great 2nd Touch
8
  Viole Celeste
16
  Ophicleide
8
  Flute
8
  Tibia Clausa (S)
8
  Vox Humana (M)     Solo to Great
8
  Vox Humana (S)     Solo to Great – Pizzicato
4
  Clarion      
4
  Piccolo (M)     10 Double Touch Adjustable
4
  Piccolo (S)          Combination Pistons
4
  Viol      
4
  Octave Celeste     Suitable Bass
           
Solo (Manual III) – 61 notes
16
  Ophicleide
4
  Clarion
8
  Trumpet
4
  Piccolo (S)
8
  Tuba Horn
  Cathedral Chimes
8
  Diaphonic Diapason     Xylophone
8
  Tibia Clausa (S)     Glockenspiel
8
  Clarinet     Orchestral Bells (re-it)
8
  Orchestral Oboe      
8
  Kinura     10 Double Touch Adjustable
8
  Saxophone          Combination Pistons
8
  String      
8
  Oboe Horn     Suitable Bass
8
  Quintadena      
           
Tremulants (3)
    Main      
    Solo      
    Vox Humana      
           
General
    Two Balanced Expression Pedals with Indicating Keys
    One Balanced Crescendo Pedal
    Thunder Pedal (Diaphone) – Piano Pedal
    Thunder Pedal (Reed) – Piano Pedal
    One Double Touch Sforzando Pedal – Piano Pedal
     • 1st Touch: Full stops (wind)
     • 2nd Touch: Everything
    One Double Touch Sforzando Pedal – Piano Pedal
     • 1st Touch: Snare Drum
     • 2nd Touch: Bass Drum and Cymbal
           
Effects (operated by pistons)
    Auto Horn   Fire Gong
    Steamboat Whistle   Horse Hoofs
    Two Birds (one in each expression box)    
         
STOP & CHAMBER ANALYSIS
     
Main Chamber
16
  Diaphonic Diapason
85 pipes
16
  Tuba Horn
85 pipes
8
  Clarinet
61 pipes
16
  Bourdon-Concert Flute
97 pipes
8
  Tibia Clausa
73 pipes
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
85 pipes
8
  Viole Celeste
73 pipes
8
  Vox Humana
61 pipes
    Chrysoglott
49 notes
 
    Piano
85 notes
 
Solo Chamber
8
  Saxophone
61 pipes
8
  Brass Trumpet
61 pipes
8
  Solo String
61 pipes
16
  Tibia Clausa
85 pipes
8
  Orchestral Oboe
61 pipes
8
  Quintadena
61 pipes
8
  Oboe Horn
61 pipes
8
  Vox Humana
61 pipes
8
  Kinura
61 pipes
    Marimba
49 notes
    Cathedral Chimes
25 notes
    Xylophone
37 notes
    Glockenspiel
37 notes
    Sleigh Bells
25 notes
               
Organ in the first Academy of Music building:

M.P. Möller, Inc.
Hagerstown, Md. – Opus 3801 (1923)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 15 ranks


In 1923, M.P. Möller replaced their 1914 organ (Op. 1792) with a new organ having three manuals and fifteen ranks. The Agreement of Lease (July 17, 1923) between M.P. Möller and "Fox's Academy" states the total rental (for a period of two years) would be $7,500 plus the present organ. Möller indicated that the organ would be ready for use "on or before the 17th day of November A.D. 1923, or as soon thereafter as possible..." The new organ was one of Möller's standard "theatre organ" styles that included tuned percussions and traps.
               
Solo Organ (Top Manual) – 61 notes
8
  Horn Diapason
73
16
  Bass Clarinet (TC)
8
  Tibia Clausa
85
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  French Horn
85
   
Chimes
20 bells
4
  Octave Horn (French Horn)
   
Orchestral Bells (Harp)
37 bars
8
  Cello Solo
73
   
Glockenspiel (Harp)
37 notes
8
  Oboe Horn
73
   
Marimba
49 bars
8
  Kinura
73
   
Harp
49 notes
4
  Flute (Tibia Clausa)
   
Xylophone
49 bars
8
  Clarinet
73
       
               
Great Organ (Middle Manual) – 61 notes
16
  Tuba Profunda (TC)
73
4
  Octave
16
  Contra Bass Bourdon
97
4
  Flute
16
  Double Open Diapason (TC)
85
4
  Violin I
8
  Tuba Mirabilis
4
  Violin Celeste
8
  Open Diapason
4
  Violins II
8
  Flute
2
  Piccolo
8
  Violin I
85
2 2/3
  Quint
8
  Celeste
73
2 2/3
  Twelfth
8
  Violins II
73
2
  Fifteenth
4
  Clarion
       
 
     
 
     
Accompaniment Organ (Lower Manual) – 61 notes
16
  Bourdon
2
  Piccolo
8
  Open Diapason #1
2
  Fifteenth
8
  Solo String
2 2/3
  Twelfth
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
    Snare Drum, roll  
8
  Vox Celeste
    Triangle, tap  
8
  Flute
    Tom Tom, tap  
8
  Flute
    Chinese Block, tap  
8
  Solo String
    Tambourine  
8
  Vox Celeste
    Castanets  
4
  Viole d'Orchestre
       
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Resultant
    Second Touch on Pedal  
16
  Diaphonic Diapason
12
    Bass Drum  
16
  Sub Bass
12
    Tympani  
16
  Bourdon
32
    Snare Drum  
16
  Tuba
    Crash Cymbal  
16
  Diapason
    Small Cymbal  
16
  Solo String
    Triangle  
16
  Vox Celeste
       
16
  Viole d'Orchestre
       
16
  Flute
       
16
  Trombone
       
               
Couplers
    Great to Pedal 8', 4'   Accomp. to Solo 16', 8', 4'
    Solo to Pedal 8'   Great 16', 4'
    Accomp. to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo 16', 4'
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'   Accomp. 16', 4'
    Accomp. to Great 16', 8', 4'   Pedal Octaves
               
Tremulants
    For Solo Organ          
    For Tibia          
    For Tuba          
    1 Tremulant, 2 tablets for Great and Accomp.
               
Toe Pistons
    Song Birds (1)   Thunder Sheet (in Solo Organ)
    Song Birds (2)   Crash Cymbal
               
Pedal Movements
    Two (2) Swell Pedals according to layout of swell opening
    Crescendo Pedal          
    Sforzando Pedal          
               
Adjustable Combinations
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6 affecting Solo Organ
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6 affecting Great Organ
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6 affecting Accompaniment Organ
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6 affecting Pedal Organ
               
Piston Couplers
    Manuals to Great          
    Pedal to Manuals          
               
Organ in the first Academy of Music building:

M.P. Möller, Inc.
Hagerstown, Md. –Op. 1792 (1914)
Mechanical action
3 manuals, 20 stops, 20 ranks


The second organ in the Academy of Music was built in 1914 by M.P. Möller of Hagerstown, Md. The Agreement (May 25, 1914) shows that this was a second-hand organ rebuilt by Möller. On the specification page it is noted that there are "Preparations for 6 stops for the 3rd Manual which may be arranged as an Echo Organ." The organ cost $5,700, and was to be "complete and ready for use on or before June 21, 1914, or as soon after as possible."
               
Great Organ – 61 notes
16
  Bourdon
61
8
  Gamba
61
8
  Open Diapason
61
4
  Principal
61
8
  Rohr Flute (new)
61
3
  Twelfth
61
8
  Dulciana
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
               
Swell Organ – 61 notes (enclosed)
8
  Open Diapason
61
2
  Piccolo
61
8
  Salicional
61
8
  Trumpet
61
8
  Stopped Diapason
61
8
  Oboe
61
8
  Viol Celeste (new)
61
8
  Vox Humana (new)
61
4
  Wald Flute
61
   
 
     
 
     
Echo Organ – 61 notes (preparation)
  6 blank stops
   
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes? (compass not given)
16
  Open Diapason
8
  Violoncello  
16
  Bourdon
       
               
Couplers
    Swell to Pedal   Swell to Great
    Great to Pedal   Swell to Great 4'
               
Specialties
   
Cathedral Chimes
18 bells
       
               
Mechanical Stops
    Swell Tremulant       Great Forte  
    Great to Pedal Reversible       Great Piano  
    Balanced Swell Pedal          
             
Organ in the first Acadeny of Music building:

Hilborne L. Roosevelt
New York City – Opus 62 (1878)
Mechanical action
1 manual, 7 stops, 7 ranks


This organ was installed on the stage. In 1895, the organ was moved to the Elmira Opera House, Elmira, N.Y., by Farrand & Votey and mechanically rebuilt as their opus 792.
               
Manual – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
46
8
  Doppel Flöte
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Principal
58
8
  Dulciana (1-12 Dop. Fl.)
46
8
  Trumpet
58
               
Pedal – 18 notes (CC to f)
16
  Open Diapason
18
       
               
Couplers
    Octave Coupler    
    Manual to Pedal    
               
Mechanicals
    Balanced Swell Pedal      
    Bellows Signal      
             
Organ in the first Acadeny of Music building:

George Jardine & Son
New York City (1859)
Mechanical action


The first-known organ in the Acadmey of Music was built in 1859 by George Jardine & Son of New York City. Specifications for this organ have not yet been located. Following is a notice in The New York Times (Nov. 4, 1859):
               
NEW-YORK HARMONIC SOCIETY,
AT THE ACADEMY OF MUSIC,
On TUESDAY EVENING, Nov. 8, 1859.
MENDELSSOHN'S GRAND ORATORIO,
"ELIJAH,"
For the benefit of
ST. ANN'S CHURCH FOR DEAF MUTES.
Principal parts by the following resident talent:
Miss M. S. BRAINERD,
            Miss E. COLMAN,
                        Mrs. WESTERVELT,
                                    Mr. E. PERRING,
                                                   Mr. J. R. THOMAS and others.
THE HARMONIC SOCIETY AND A GRAND OR-
CHESTRA.
     A GREAT PEDAL ORGAN, built expressly for Ora-
torio Performances, by Messrs Jardine & Son, Organ
builders of this City, will be used for the first time on
this occasion.
          Organist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Mr. H. GELPAAR.
          Conductor . . . . . . . . . . . Mr. GEO. F. BRISTOW.
     Tickets 50 cents—to be had at the principal music,
book and drug stores : of the Rector of the Church, Rev.
T. Gallaudet, No. 143 East 13th-st., or at the door on the
evening of the performance.
     Doors open at 6½ o'clock—to commence at 7½ o'clock.
               
Sources:
     "Academy of Music Will Be Torn Down," The New York Times (Aug. 19, 1925).
     Advertisement, The New York Times (Nov. 4, 1859), noting organ by Messrs. Jardine & Son. Courtesy James Lewis.
     Boston Organ Club Newsletter (1972, p.6). Specification of Hilborne L. Roosevelt Organ, Op. 62 (1878). Courtesy James Lewis.
     Cinema Treasures website: www.cinematreasures.org/theaters/21962
     Graif, Joseph N. Electronic correspondence (Aug. 23, 2013) regarding Wurlitzer organ, Op. 1406 (1926).
     Hughes, Allen. "Organist Evokes Silent-Film Days: Lee Erwin Plays Wurlitzer at Academy of Music," The New York Times (Oct. 29, 1968).
     Junchen, David L., comp. and ed. by Jeff Weiler. The WurliTzer Pipe Organ – An Illustrated History. Indianapolis: The American Theatre Organ Society, 2005.
     Trupiano, Larry. Agreement and Specification (May 25, 1914) for M.P. Möller organ, Op. 1792.
     Trupiano, Larry. Agreement of Lease and Specification (July 17, 1923) for M.P. Möller organ, Op. 3801.

Illustrations:
     Architecture and Building (Jan. 1927). Two interior photos.
     Cinema Treasures website. Exterior showing entrances on Irving Place and 14th Street.
     eBay.com. Anon. 1870 Stereoview of original building exterior.
               
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