Adams-Parkhurst Memorial Presbyterian Church - New York City
Adams-Parkhurst Memorial Presbyterian Church

207 East 30th Street at Third Avenue
New York, N.Y. 10016



The Adams-Parkhurst Memorial Church was organized in 1856 as a mission center and Sabbath school of Madison Square Presbyterian Church. The mission was first located in a house on the north side of 29th Street near Third Avenue, and then in the public school on 27th Street near Third Avenue. Lots were secured on Third Avenue north of 30th Street, and a chapel erected where the first service was held in January 1858. By the 1870s, the chapel had outgrown its facilities and in 1875 a larger church was built at 207 East 30th Street. Architect J. Cleveland Cady designed the Victorian Gothic castle that was dedicated March 28, 1875. On January 21, 1886, the chapel was renamed Adams Memorial Presbyterian Church in honor of Dr. William Adams who was for many years the pastor of the Madison Square Church. At a later time, it was renamed again to Adams-Parkhurst Memorial Presbyterian Church to also honor the Rev. Charles Henry Parkhurst, another longtime pastor of Madison Square Presbyterian.

Several groups shared the building, including a German congregation that later became a separate organization as the Zion Church, the Armenian Evangelical Church, and radio station WLIB.

In 1965, the Adams-Parkhurst congregation merged with the Church of the Covenant. The old church was subsequently razed.
               
Levi U. Stuart
New York City (c.1875)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 15 stops, 15 ranks
               
Great Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes
16
  Bourdon [TC]
44
4
  Flute Harmonic [TC]
44
8
  Open Diapason
56
4
  Principal
56
8
  Salicional [TC]
44
3
  Twelfth
56
8
  Stop Diapason Bass
12
2
  Fifteenth
56
8
  Melodia [TC]
44
       

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes, enclosed
8
  Open Diapason [TC]
44
4
  Principal
56
8
  Dulciana [TC]
44
8
  Hautboy [TC]
44
8
  Stop Diapason Bass
12
    Tremolo  
8
  Stop Diapason Treble [TC]
44
       

     

     
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
16
  Open Diapason
30
       
16
  Bourdon
30
       
               
Couplers
    Great to Pedal          
    Swell to Pedal          
    Swell to Great          
               
Pedal Movements
    Balanced Swell Pedal
    Great Combinations:
           1. Full – all stops
           2. Chorus – Open Diapason, Salicional, Principal
           3. Solo – Salicional and Melodia
               
Sources:
     American Organ Archives (Princeton, N.J.). Specifications of Levi U. Stuart organ (c.1875). Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Dunlap, David. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     Medina, Miriam. "Brief Histories of the Churches connected with the Presbytery of New York. Pre: 1949 Part I," The History Box web site: http://thehistorybox.com.
     Fiske, Theodore. The Presbyterian Church in New York City. New York: published by The Presbytery of New York, 1949.

Illustration:
     Sperr, Percy Loomis. Photo (1942) of exterior.