Church of the Blessed Sacrament - New York City (Photo: John Rust)
  Click on images to enlarge
Church of the Blessed Sacrament
(Roman Catholic)

152 West 71st Street
New York, N.Y. 10023
http://www.blessedsacramentnyc.com

Organ Specifications:
152 West 71st Street (since 1919):
III/46 Casavant, reb. Konzelman (2005)
III/45 Casavant Frères, Op. 2018 (1950)
IV/86 Estey Organ Company, 2420 (1925); rev. 1937
IV/73 Estey Organ Company, 2420 (1925)
II/13 J.H. & C.S. Odell, Op. 233 (1887) – from previous church
72nd Street, West of Broadway (1887-1925):
II/13 J.H. & C.S. Odell, Op. 233 (1887)


The Parish of the Blessed Sacrament was founded in 1887 by Father Matthew A. Taylor, a 34-year-old priest appointed by Archbishop Corrigan. Father Taylor transformed the Havemeyer's stable, formerly located on the north side of West 72nd Street, and the first Mass was on Easter Sunday, 1887. Father Taylor’s devotion to the Blessed Sacrament is the source for the parish’s name, although the Archbishop suggested that the parish might be dedicated to St. Matthew.

The first Church of the Blessed Sacrament was located on 71st Street, just west of the current church, and was a red brick Italianate building designed by Napoleon Le Brun & Sons. Ground was broken for that first church building in July 1887, and the following Christmas it was opened for services. Archbishop Corrigan dedicated the church the following month. In 1903, Blessed Sacrament’s parochial school was opened under the charge of the Sisters of Charity of Mount St. Vincent.

As the upper west side grew as a residential district, the old Blessed Sacrament church, which held 800 people, proved inadequate. Father Taylor, who was named a monsignor in February 1914, died in August 1914 at age 61 after serving as Blessed Sacrament’s pastor for 27 years. Reverend Thomas F. Myhan succeeded Monsignor Taylor as Blessed Sacrament’s second pastor. Father Myhan almost immediately undertook the building of a new church and school. Gustave E. Steinbach, a 37-year-old graduate of Columbia University School of Architecture, was chosen as the architect for the new church and school. In designing Blessed Sacrament, Steinback was inspired by Sainte Chapelle in Paris, a small gothic chapel built by Louis IX in the 1240s to house relics from the Holy Land. Plans had been drawn and virtually completed when Father Myhan died suddenly on October 8, 1916 at age 52 after serving as pastor for only two years. His successor, Monsignor William J. Guinan, at once took steps to bring Father Myhan’s plans to fruition. The old Blessed Sacrament church was torn down in 1917. That same year, the cornerstones of the new church and school were laid. On September 8, 1919, the new school on 70th Street, behind the present church, was opened. The following Christmas, just 32 years after the original church was opened, Monsignor Guinan celebrated the first Mass in the current Church of the Blessed Sacrament.
               
  Rebuilt Casavant Frères organ console at the Church of the Blessed Sacrament - New York City (photo: John Rust)
Casavant Frères, Limitée
St. Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada – Opus 2018 (1950)
Rebuilding and additions by James A. Konzelman Organs
Maplewood, N.J. (2005)

Electro-pneumatic key action
Solid State combination action (64 levels)
Solid State switching and coupling
3 manuals, 56 stops, 46 ranks




The present organ, originally built in 1950 by Casavant Frères of Canada, was rebuilt in 2005 by James A. Konzelman Organs, of Maplewood, N.J. Konzelman rescaled and revoiced many ranks, added new pipework, releathered chests, and rebuilt the wind regulators and the electro-pneumatic Swell and Choir expression mechanisms. The Casavant console received an overhaul with new drawknob terraces and name boards, new all-electric drawknob units and tilting tablets, new manual piston rails and pistons, new toe pistons, and a new pedalboard. Also installed was a new Solid State relay and switching system, a new Solid State capture combination action, and a new 6.5 HP Ventus blower.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes (7-1/4" and 5-1/2" wind pressure)
16
  Double Principal
68
2 2/3
  Quint
61
8
  Principal
68
2
  Octave
61
8
  Rohrflöte *
68
1 3/5
  Terz
61
8
  Flûte Harmonique
68
1 1/3
  Mixture IV ranks *
244
4
  Octave
68
8
  Trompete *
61
4
  Nachthorn *
68
   
Chimes [Deagan]
25 tubes
 
     
 
     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (6-1/4" wind pressure)

16
  Bourdon
68
2
  Octave
61
8
  Geigen
68
1 3/5
  Tierce *
61
8
  Gedeckt
68
1
  Mixture IV ranks *
244
8
  Salicional
68
16
  Basson [unit]
73
8
  Voix Celeste [GG]
61
8
  Trompette *
68
4
  Principal
68
8
  Hautbois *
4
  Flauto Traverso
68
4
  Clairon *
61
2 2/3
  Nasat
61
    Tremulant  
2
  Blockflöte *
61
       
 
     
 
     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" wind pressure)

16
  Contra Viola [unit]
92
4
  Fugara
8
  Diapason
68
4
  Silver Flute
68
8
  Processional Diapason
61
2
  Piccolo
61
8
  Concert Flute
68
8
  Trompete
PED
8
  Viola
8
  Clarinet
68
8
  Erzähler
68
    Tremulant  
8
  Erzähler Celeste +
49
8
 
Trompette en Chamade
preparation
   
   
+ former Gt. Gemshorn
Pedal Organ – 32 notes

32
  Contra Bourdon [unit]
56
8
  Cello
16
  Open Wood Diapason
32
8
  Stopped Flute
16
  Double Principal
GT
4
  Choral Bass
16
  Violone [unit]
44
32
  Posaune [ext.]
digital
16
  Contra Viol
CH
16
  Posaune [unit] *
56
16
  Bourdon
16
  Basson
SW
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
8
  Trompete
8
  Principal [unit]
44
4
  Klarine
               
   
* new pipework added by Konzelman Organs
               

Church of the Blessed Sacrament - New York City (Photo: John Rust)

Church of the Blessed Sacrament - New York City (Photo: John Rust)

               
  Console of Casavant Frères organ, Op. 2018 (1950) in the Church of the Blessed Sacrament - New York City (photo: Casavant Frères)
  Casavant Frères console, Op. 2018
Casavant Frères, Limitée
St. Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada – Opus 2018 (1950)
Electro-pneumatic key and stop action
3 manuals, 45 stops, 45 ranks




Within 25 years of its installation, the 1925 Estey organ had sustained water damage and was replaced by a new organ built by Casavant Frères, Limitée of St. Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada. The 1950 Casavant (Opus 2018) utilized a great deal of the Estey pipework, but introduced new mixtures, the Great 16' Principal, the Choir 4' Silver Flute, and the Pedal 16' Trombone. Casavant located the enclosed Great in the former Solo box. Casavant also repitched the entire organ to A=440.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed (7" wind pressure)
16
  Double Open Diapason
68
4
  Octave
61
8
  Open Diapason No. 1
68
  Grave Mixture II ranks
122
8
  Open Diapason No. 2
68
  Mixture V ranks
305
8
  Stopped Diapason
68
8
  Trumpet
68
8
  Gemshorn
68
   
Chimes
CH
 
     
 
     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" wind pressure)

16
  Bourdon
68
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Open Diapason
68
  Mixture V ranks
305
8
  Gedeckt
68
16
  Contra Fagotto
68
8
  Salicional
68
8
  Cornopean
68
8
  Voix Celeste [GG]
61
8
  Oboe
68
4
  Octave
68
4
  Clarion
68
4
  Flauto Traverso
68
  Tremulant  
 
     
 
     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" wind pressure)

16
  Contra Viole [unit]
80
4
  Fugara
68
8
  Diapason
68
4
  Silver Flute
68
8
  Processional Diapason *
61
2
  Piccolo
61
8
  Concert Flute
68
8
  Clarinet
68
8
  Viole
  Tremulant  
8
  Erzähler
68
 
Chimes [Deagan]
25 tubes
         
* in Sanctuary
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes

32
  Contra Bourdon [unit]
56
8
  Stopped Flute
16
  Open Diapason
32
8
  Cello
16
  Bourdon
8
  Principal [unit]
44
16
  Bourdon
SW
4
  Diapason
16
  Violone [unit]
44
16
  Fagotto
SW
16
  Contra Viole
CH
16
  Trombone
32
16
  Open Diapason
GT
    Chimes
CH
               
Couplers

    Great to Pedal 8'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Choir to Swell 8'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Great to Great 4'
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Swell to Swell 16', 4'
    Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'   Choir to Choir 16', 4'
               
Adjustable Combination Pistons

    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5 affecting Great stops
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5 affecting Swell stops
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5 affecting Choir stops
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5 affecting Pedal stops (toe pistons, right side)
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6 affecting Entire Organ (toe pistons, left side)
               
Reversible Pistons

    Great to Pedal (thumb & foot)   Swell to Choir
    Swell to Pedal   Full Organ (thumb & foot)
    Choir to Pedal    
    Swell to Great   Adjuster
    Choir to Great   Release
               
Balanced Pedals

    Balanced Great Expression Pedal   Balanced Choir Expression Pedal
    Balanced Swell Expression Pedal   Crescendo Pedal
               
Indicators

    Crescendo       Wind  
    Full Organ       Voltmeter  
               
   Estey Organ, Op. 2420 (1925) at Blessed Sacrament Church - New York City
Estey Organ Company
Brattleboro, Vt. – Opus 2420 (1925); rev. 1937
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 99 stops, 86 ranks


1937 drawknob console of Estey Organ, Op. 2420 (1925) at Blessed Sacrament Church - New York City (Photo: Jeff Scofield)  
In 1937, the Estey Company revised the design of Op. 2420 from 1925. Estey added several new ranks, replaced and added chests, and altered the case. The luminous console, which had proven to be unsatisfactory, was replaced by a new four-manual drawknob console with ivory keys.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed (3½" and 5" pressure)
16
  Double Diapason *
61
3 1/5
  Gross Tierce *
61
16
  Bourdon [ext. St. Diap.]
12
2 2/3
  Twelfth # New
61
8
  Open Diapason I # New
61
2
  Super Octave # New
61
8
  Open Diapason II # New
61
2
  Fifteenth *
61
8
  Open Diapason III *
61
    Harmonics IV ranks # New
244
8
  Stopped Diapason # New
61
    Mixture V ranks # New
305
8
  Gamba *
61
8
  Trumpet * [unit] New
73
8
  Gemshorn # New
61
4
  Clarion
5 1/3
  Quint *
61
8
 
Harp
SW
4
  Octave # New
61
   
Chimes
SW
4
  Principal *
61
   
# 3½" pressure         * 5" pressure

 

     

 

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure)
16
  Bourdon [unit]
73
2 2/3
  Nazard New
61
8
  Open Diapason I
73
2
  Fifteenth New
61
8
  Open Diapason II
73
    Mixture V ranks New
305
8
  Gedeckt
73
16
  Contra Fagotto [unit]
73
8
  Spitz Flute New
73
8
  Cornopean New
73
8
  Spitz Flute Celeste [TC] New
61
8
  Trumpette [sic] New
73
8
  Quintadena
73
8
  Oboe New
73
8
  Salicional
73
4
  Clarion New
73
8
  Voix Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Vox Humana [sep. box]
73
8
  Aeoline New
73
    Tremulant  
4
  Octave
73
8
 
Harp
49 bars
4
  Traverse Flute
73
   
Chimes
27 tubular bells

 

     

 

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure)
16
  Contra Viol [unit]
109
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
8
  Open Diapason
73
2
  Piccolo [harmonic]
61
8
  Concert Flute
73
1 3/5
  Tierce
8
  Flute a Cheminee New
73
    Dolce Cornet III rks [old SW]
183
8
  Dulciana [old Swell]
73
8
  Trumpet [unit] New
85
8
  Erzahler New
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Erzahler Celeste New
61
4
  Clarion
8
  Muted Violes II ranks
134
    Tremulant  
8
  Viol d'Amour
16
  Harp [TC]
SW
4
  Silver Flute [harm.] New
73
8
  Harp
SW
4
  Fugara
    Chimes
SW
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed (10" pressure)
8
  Stentorphone
73
16
  Tuba Profunda [unit]
97
8
  Philomela
73
8
  Tuba
8
  Gross Gamba
73
4
  Tuba Clarion
8
  Gamba Celeste
73
8
  Tuba Mirabilis [15"] New
73
8
  Flute Ouverte
73
    Tremulant  
8
  French Horn New
73
    Chimes
SW
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
       
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes (6" pressure)
32
  Double Open Diapason New
56
8
  Violoncello
SO
32
  Sub Bourdon [unit]
68
8
  Viola
16
  Open Diapason I [unit]
44
5 1/3
  Octave Quint [Quint]
16
  Open Diapason II [Dbl. O.D.]
6 2/5
  Tierce [Dbl. O.D.]
GT
16
  Bourdon
4
  Octave Flute [Dbl. O.D.]
16
  Violone
44
4
  Flute
16
  Open Diapason
GT
2
  Super Octave [Principal]
16
  Lieblich Bourdon
SW
    Mixture IV ranks
128
16
  Contra Gamba [ext. SO]
12
32
  Bombarde [unit]
44
16
  Contra Viola
CH
16
  Ophecleide
10 2/3
  Quint
44
16
  Tuba Profunda
SO
8
  Octave [O.D. I]
16
  Contra Fagotto
SW
8
  Flute [French Horn]
SO
8
  Tuba
SO
8
  Principal
44
4
  Clarion
SO
8
  Stopped Flute [Sub Bdn.]
    Chimes
SW
8
  Gedeckt
SW
       
               
Couplers
    Great to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Swell 16', 8', 4'
    Solo to Pedal 8', 4'   Great to Solo 8'
    Pedal to Pedal 4'   Great to Great 16', 4', Unison
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Swell to Swell 16', 4', Unison
    Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'   Choir to Choir 16', 4', Unison
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'   Solo to Solo 16', 4', Unison
               
Combination Pistons
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-0 affecting Great stops & couplers
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-0 affecting Swell stops & couplers
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-0 affecting Choir stops & couplers
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-0 affecting Solo stops & couplers
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-0 affecting Pedal stops & couplers (1-6 dup. by toe)
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 Generals to all stops & couplers (1-6 dup. by toe)
      6 pedal comb. to first 6 pistons on any manual
    General Release piston  
               
Pedal Movements
    Balanced Great Expression Pedal   Great to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Swell Expression Pedal   Swell to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Choir Expression Pedal   Choir to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Solo Expression Pedal   Solo to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Crescendo Pedal   Sforzando Reversible
               
Special Features
    Wind Indicator   Sforzando Indicator
    Crescendo Indicator   Master Swell Switch
               
  Estey Organ, Op. 2420 (1925) at Blessed Sacrament Church - New York City (Photo: Estey Organ Company)
Estey Organ Company
Brattleboro, Vt. – Opus 2420 (1925)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 96 stops, 69 ranks



Estey Organ, Op. 2420 (1925) at Blessed Sacrament Church - New York City (Photo: Estey Organ Company)
 
1925 luminous console
 








The original organ for the present church was built in 1925 by the Estey Organ Company of Brattelboro, Vt. as their Opus 2420. Estey provided a four-manual "Luminous Roller" console which had celluloid manual keys and stops controls that illuminated when pushed on. Estey also built a large and ornate organ case to house the large instrument in the gallery of the church.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure)
16
  Double Diapason *
73
4
  Harmonic Flute
73
16
  Bourdon [ext. Doppel Flute]
12
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
8
  First Diapason *
73
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Second Diapason
73
    Sesquialtera II ranks
146
8
  Third Diapason
73
    Fourniture V ranks
305
8
  Gross Flute
73
8
  Trumpet
61
8
  Doppel Flute
73
   
Chimes F
27 tubular bells
8
  Gamba
73
    Chimes P  
4
  Octave
73
   
* unenclosed

 

     

 

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure)
16
  Bourdon
73
4
  Flauto Traverso
73
16
  Dulciana [unit]
109
4
  Dulciana
8
  First Diapason
73
2
  Flautino
61
8
  Second Diapason
73
2
  Dulciana
8
  Hohl Flute
73
1
  Dulciana
8
  Chimney Flute
73
    Dolce Cornet III ranks
183
8
  Gedeckt
73
16
  Contra Fagotto
73
8
  Quintadena
73
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Viol d'Orchestre
73
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Viol Celeste [TC]
61
4
  Clarion
73
8
  Salicional
73
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Voix Celeste [TC]
61
    Tremulant  
8
  Dulciana
8
 
Harp
49 bars
4
  Octave
73
16
  Harp  

 

     

 

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure)
16
  Contra Viol [unit]
109
4
  Flute d'Amour
73
8
  Diapason
73
4
  Fugara
8
  Concert Flute
73
2
  Piccolo (Harmonic)
61
8
  Gedeckt
73
16
  Bass Clarinet
73
8
  Flauto Dolce
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Flauto Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Physharmonica [free reeds]
73
8
  Viol d'Amour
    Tremulant  
8
  Gemshorn
73
8
  Harp
SW
8
  Muted Viol II ranks
134
16
  Harp
SW
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed (10" pressure)
8
  Stentorphone
73
8
  French Horn
73
8
  Philomela
73
16
  Tuba Profunda [unit]
97
8
  Gross Gedeckt
73
8
  Tuba
8
  Gross Gamba
73
4
  Tuba Clarion
8
  Gamba Celeste
73
8
  Tuba Mirabilis [15"]
73
8
  Flute Ouverte
73
    Chimes F
GT
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
    Chimes P
GT
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes (10" pressure)
64
  Gravissima [Resultant]
8
  Gedeckt [Con. Bdn.]
32
  Double Open Diapason
56
8
  Viola [Con. Violone]
32
  Contra Bourdon
68
8
  Still Gedeckt
SW
32
  Contra Violone
56
4
  Octave Flute [Con. Bdn.]
16
  First Diapason [Dbl. O.D.]
    Sesquialtera II ranks [ext. GT]
24
16
  Second Diapason
GT
    Fourniture V ranks [ext. GT]
50
16
  Contra Gamba [ext. SO]
12
32
  Bombarde * [ext. Tuba Mir.]
12
16
  Bourdon [Con. Bdn.]
16
  Ophicleide * [ext. Tuba Mir.]
12
16
  Second Bourdon
SW
16
  Trombone [ext. GT Tpt.]
12
16
  Dulciana
SW
16
  Tuba Profunda
SO
16
  Violone [Con. Violone]
16
  Contra Fagotto
SW
16
  Contra Viol
CH
8
  Tuba Mirabilis
SO
8
  Octave [Dbl. Diap.]
GT
8
  Tuba
SO
8
  Violoncello [Gamb. Cel. II]
SO
4
  Tuba Clarion
SO
8
  Bass Flute [Dbl. O.D.]
       
               
Couplers
    Great to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Swell 16', 8', 4'
    Solo to Pedal 8', 4'   Great to Solo 8'
    Pedal to Pedal 4'   Great to Great 4', Unison
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Swell to Swell 16', 4', Unison
    Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'   Choir to Choir 16', 4', Unison
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'   Solo to Solo 16', 4', Unison
               
Combination Pistons
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 affecting Great & Pedal stops
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 affecting Swell & Pedal stops
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 affecting Choir & Pedal stops
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6 affecting Solo & Pedal stops
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 Universals affecting all stops and couplers
    Pistons No. 1-2-3-4 Universals on Toe Studs
               
Pedal Movements
    Balanced Great Expression Pedal   Great to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Swell Expression Pedal   Swell to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Choir Expression Pedal   Choir to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Solo Expression Pedal   Solo to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Crescendo Pedal   Sforzando Reversible
               
Special Features
    Wind Indicator   Sforzando Indicator
    Crescendo Indicator   Master Swell Switch
               
Organ in original church located on 72nd Street, west of Broadway:

J.H. & C.S. Odell
New York City – Opus 233 (1887)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 15 stops, 13 ranks


The original Blessed Sacrament Church contained an organ built in 1887 by J.H. & C.S. Odell of New York City. This Odell organ was their opus 233, a "Size No. 9" stock model having two manuals and a 27-note pedalboard, with a case measuring 16 feet high, 11 feet 3 inches wide, and 7 feet 3 inches deep. Odell's handwritten contract, dated August 18, 1887, states that the organ would cost $1,925, and that Odell would try to have the organ installed and playable on or about October 1, 1887. When the present church was built in 1919-20, the Odell organ was moved. Around 1925, when Estey, Op. 2420 was installed, the Odell organ was moved to First Reformed Church in Astoria.
               
Great Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Wald Flute [TC]
46
8
  Keraulophon [grooved bass]
46
4
  Octave
58
8
  Melodia [TC]
46
2
  Fifteenth
58
8
  Unison Bass
12
       
               
Swell Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes, enclosed
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Violina
58
8
  Dulciana [TC]
46
2
  Flautino
58
8
  Clarionet Flute [TC]
46
8
  Oboe [TC]
46
8
  Stopped Bass
12
    Tremolo  
               
Pedal Organ – 27 notes
16
  Bourdon [large scale]
27
       
               
Mechanical Registers
    Swell to Great     Patent Reversible [Great to Pedal]
    Swell to Pedal     Bellows Signal
    Great to Pedal     Balance Swell Pedal
               
Composition Pedals on Great Organ
    Piano          
    Forte          
               
Sources:
     Blessed Sacrament Church web site: http://www.blessedsacramentnyc.com
     Carnahan, John. Factory Shop Order for Estey organ, Op. 2420 (1925).
     Casavant Frères, Ltée. Factory Specification (Nov. 25, 1949) of Casavant Frères organ, Op. 2018. Courtesy Stanley Scheer.
     Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     The Estey Pipe Organ web site: www.esteyorgan.com
     Trupiano, Larry. J.H. & C.S. Odell Company Contract (Aug. 20, 1887) with "Size No. 9" specifications of Odell Organ, Op. 233 (1887).

Illustrations:
     The American Organist (Jan. 1951). Case of Estey organ, Op. 2420 (1925).
     Casavant Frères Archives. Console of Casavant Frères organ, Op. 2018 (1950). Courtesy Jeff Scofield.
     The Estey Pipe Organ web site. Case and console of Estey organ, Op. 2420 (1925).
     Rust, John. Organ case and rebuilt Casavant console.
     Scofield, Jeff. 1937 drawknob console of Estey Organ, Op. 2420 (1925).