Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson)
 

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Church of the Epiphany
(Episcopal)

1393 York Avenue at 74th Street
New York, N.Y. 10021
http://www.epiphanynyc.org


Organ Specifications:
1393 York Avenue & East 74th Street (since 1939)
III/50 Aeolian-Skinner Organ Co., Op. 1412 (1962)
III/37 J.W. Steere & Son (1916) – moved (1939)
257 Lexington Avenue at 35th Street (1893-1939)
III/37 J.W. Steere & Son (1916)
• II/30 George Jardine & Son (1860)
116 East 47th Street at Lexington Avenue (1881-1893)
• I/21 William A. Johnson, Op. 192 (1865)
130 Stanton Street (1834-1881)
• Henry Erben (1835)


On the Feast of the Epiphany, January 6, 1833, in a small dark room over an engine-house, six adults met for worship. They were joined by "a few ragged children who were persuaded to enter." This mission was appropriately named the Mission Church of the Epiphany, and was the first church of the New York Protestant Episcopal City Mission Society and was free, that is, there were to be no pew rentals. The cornerstone for a new building was laid at 130 Stanton Street on August 26, 1833. In 1874, the Church of the Epiphany exchanged property with the Church of the Reformation, and moved to 228 East 50th Street. In 1881, Epiphany purchased the Church of St. Alban's, on East 47th Street, west of Lexington Avenue. By 1892, the church was having financial difficulties, so it consolidated with and moved into the Church of St. John the Baptist, located at 257 Lexington Avenue at 35th Street, but retaining the name Church of the Epiphany.

Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson)
In the 1920s and 1930s, the congregation was feeling the effects of families moving to the suburbs, and talked of a merger with the Church of the Incarnation, which was only two blocks away on 35th Street and Madison Avenue, but the proposal was rejected by Bishop Manning. In 1935, Epiphany finalized plans for a merger with the Church of the Resurrection, on 74th Street east of Park Avenue, but Bishop Manning insisted, against the Vestry's wishes, that the Church of the Epiphany would remain independent, and would build a new home near the East Side hospitals. The current site on York Avenue at 74th Street was selected, and the new and present church was built. Wyeth & King designed the unusual building, which was completed in 1939. The stark building features a large tower which functions as the chancel.
           
  Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1412 (1961) at Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson)
Aeolian-Skinner Organ Company
Boston, Mass. – Opus 1412 (1962)
Electro-pneumatic key and stop action
Solid state combination action
3 manuals, 54 stops, 50 ranks



The organ in Church of the Epiphany was built in 1962 by the Aeolian-Skinner Organ Co. of Boston. Pipes of the Récit expressif and Positif divisions are located in a chamber on the left side of the chancel, while the Hauptwerk and Pedal pipes are visible on cantilevered chests. Several stops and the Chimes were retained from the previous J.W. Steere and Son organ. Over the years the organ has been altered slightly. The drawknob console is located behind choir stalls on the right side of the chancel.
       

 
Hauptwerk (Manual II) – 61 notes (2-3/8" pressure)
16
  Quintade
61
2

Blockflöte
61
8
  Prinzipal
61
1 3/5

Terz
61
8
  Bordun
61
 

Mixtur III ranks
183
4
  Oktav
61
 

Scharf III ranks
183
4
  Rohrflöte
61
8

Bombarde [ext. PED]
17
2 2/3
  Nasat
61
 

Chimes *
25 tubes
2
  Super Oktav
61
 

   
               
Récit (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (3-5/8" pressure)
8
  Viole de Gambe
68
16

Fagot 
68
8
  Viole Céleste
68
8

Trompette 
68
8
  Flûte à Cheminée
68
4

Clairon 
68
4
  Montre
68
 

Tremblant  
4
  Flûte Harmonique
68
 

Récit 4' *  
2
  Octavin
61
 

Récit Unison *  
    Plein Jeu III ranks
183
    Récit 16' *  
    Cymbale III ranks
183
   
* by tablets on coupler rail
         

   
Positiv Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes (2-3/8" pressure)
16
  Dulciana [ext.] +
12
1 1/3

Larigot
61
8
  Pommer Gedackt
61
1

Sifflöte
61
8
  Unda Maris II ranks * +
146
 

Zimbel III ranks
183
4
  Prinzipal
61
8

Cromorne +
61
4
  Koppelflöte
61
4

Chalumeau +
61
4
  Unda Maris II ranks [ext.] * +
8

Bombarde
PED
2
  Lieblich Prinzipal
61
 

+ in Récit box
         

   
Pedal Organ – 32 notes (4" pressure)
32
  Untersatz [resultant]
4

Choralbass
16
  Contre Basse [unit]
56
4

Bourdon *
16
  Bourdon * [unit]
56
 

Mixture IV ranks
128
16
  Quintade
HW
16

Bombarde [unit]
56
16
  Dulciana
POS
16

Fagot
RÉC
8
  Octave
8

Bombarde
8
  Bourdon *
8

Cromorne
POS
8
  Flûte à cheminée
RÉC
4

Bombarde
8
  Quintade
HW
4

Chalumeau
POS
               
           
* from previous J. W. Steere & Son organ
Couplers

    Récit to Pedal 8', 4'   Récit to Hauptwerk 16', 8', 4'
    Hauptwerk to Pedal 8'   Positiv to Hauptwerk 16', 8'
    Positiv to Pedal 8'   Récit to Positiv 16', 8', 4'
               
Adjustable Combinations (two memory levels)
   
Récit Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Hauptwerk Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Positiv Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4 (toe)
General Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb & toe)
             
Accessories

    Récit Expression Pedal   Full Organ Reversible (thumb & toe)
    Crescendo Pedal   Wind Indicator
    Hauptwerk to Pedal Reversible (toe)    
             
Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1412 (1961) at Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson) Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1412 (1961) at Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson) Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1412 (1961) at Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson)
             
Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1412 (1961) at Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson) Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1412 (1961) at Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson) Aeolian-Skinner Organ, Op. 1412 (1961) at Church of the Epiphany (Episcopal) - New York City (Photo: Steven E. Lawson)
           
J. W. Steere & Son
Springfield, Mass. (1916)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 42 stops, 37 ranks


This organ was built in 1916 for the church building located at Lexington Avenue and Thirty-fifth Street, of which Sam Dyer Chapin was the organist and choirmaster. In 1939, the organ was moved to the present building. The specification that follows is from The New Music Review (Jan. 1916). Pipecounts were not given but are suggested, based on similar J.W. Steere & Son organs of the era.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Diapason
61
4
  Harmonic Flute
61
8
  Diapason
61
4
  Principal
61
8
  Gamba
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Clarabella
61
8
  Trumpet
61
8
  Doppel Floete
61
8
  Diapason [in Choir Room]
61?
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
73
4
  Violina
73
8
  Diapason
73
2
  Flautino
61
8
  Salicional
73
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Aeoline
73
16
  Fagotto
73
8
  Voix Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Gedackt
73
8
  Oboe
73
4
  Echo Flute
73
    [Tremolo]  
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Contra Viole
73
8
  Quintadena
73
8
  Diapason
73
4
  Flute d'Amour
73
8
  Dulciana
73
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Concert Flute
73
   
[Tremolo]
8
  Unda Maris [TC]
61
   
Chimes
25 tubes
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
16
  First Diapason [unit]
44
10 2/3
  Quint [Bourdon]
16
  Second Diapason
GT
8
  Octave [First Diapason]
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
8
  Flute [Bourdon]
16
  Gedackt
SW
8
  Violoncello
CH
16
  Gamba
CH
       
               
Couplers (Oscillating Tablets)
    Great to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Swell 16', 4'
    Choir to Pedal   Swell Unison Off
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Choir to Choir 16', 4'
    Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'   Choir Unison Off
               
Adjustable Combinations (visibly affecting Registers)
   
Swell & Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-0 Pedal stops On & Off pistons
Great & Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4-0 Pedal stops On & Off pistons
Choir & Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4-0 Pedal stops On & Off pistons
Entire Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-0 (Not affecting the Registers)
               
Pedal Movements
    Balanced Swell Pedal
    Balanced Choir Pedal
    Balanced Crescendo Pedal (adjustable)
    Sforzando (Full Organ) Reversible
    Reversible Great to Pedal
    Pedal to raise Chime Dampers (Reversible)
    All Couplers Reversible
    Unison Couplers (Reversible)
           
Organ in former St. John the Baptist Church at 257 Lexington Avenue at 35th Street:

George Jardine & Son
New York City (1860)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 30 stops


The 1861 American Musical Directory stated that this organ had "2 banks keys, 30 stops, 2 octaves pedals. Built by Jardine & Son, in 1860." Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.
         
Organ in former St. Alban's Church at 116 East 47th Street at Lexington Avenue:

William A. Johnson
Westfield, Mass. – Opus 192 (1865)
Mechanical action
1 manual, 22 stops


Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.
           
Organ in former church at 130 Stanton Street:

Henry Erben
New York City (1835)
Mechanical action


Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.
           
Sources:
     Aeolian-Skinner Archives web site: http://aeolian-skinner.110mb.com/
     American Musical Directory. New York: Thomas Hutchinson, 1861.
     The Church of the Epiphany: A Brief History of the Parish from 1833 to the Present. New York: Church of the Epiphany. (date unknown)
     Church of the Epiphany web site: http://www.epiphanynyc.org
     Dunlap, David. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     Kinzey, Allen, and Sand Lawn, comps. E.M. Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List. New Rev. Ed. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1997.
     Nelson, George. Organs in the United States and Canada Database. Seattle, Wash.
     The New Music Review and Church Music Review (Jan. 1916): 25-26. Specifications of J.W. Steere & Son organ (1916). Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Trupiano, Larry. Factory Specifications (June 14, 1962) of Aeolian-Skinner organ, Op. 1412.

Illustrations:
     Steven E. Lawson