First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust)
  Click on images to enlarge
The First Presbyterian Church

12 West 12th Street at Fifth Avenue
New York, N.Y. 10011
http://www.fpcnyc.org

Organ Specifications
12 West 12th Street at Fifth Avenue (since 1846):
IV/93 Sebastian Glück, Op. 12 (2007)
IV/84 Austin; rev. by Glück New York (1999)
IV/92 Austin Organs, Inc., Op. 2408 (1961)
IV/72 Skinner Organ Company, Op. 293 (1920); Op. 293-A (1929)
III/52 Frank Roosevelt, Op. 364 (1887)
Wall Street (1716-1846):
• no organs

See also the Chapel Organs.


The First Presbyterian Church was founded on Wall Street in 1716. As the congregation thrived, the original building was enlarged in 1748, but closed for seven years during the Revolution. When the war ended, worshipers returned to find that the British had used their building as a barracks and then a stable; it was irreparably damaged when the British burned New York. A post-revolutionary building was dedicated in 1811, but fire took that within a short time. That building was replaced, but the Great Fire of 1835 destroyed it and most of New York. After the fire, Wall Street was rebuilt as a commercial area and the population moved north.

First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust)  
   
First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust)  
After much debate, “Old First” decided to move with the population and acquired the present property on Fifth Avenue in the Village of Greenwich (now Greenwich Village). The new Perpendicular Gothic Revival building, modeled after the Church of St. Saviour in Bath, England, was designed by Joseph C. Wells and dedicated in 1846. In 1893, a south transept was added by McKim, Mead & White, and the chancel was added in 1919. The merger in 1918 of First Presbyterian, University Place Presbyterian, and Madison Square Presbyterian provided a pulpit for Harry Emerson Fosdick, one of the nation’s best known liberal preachers.

As early as 1855, the Session wanted to install an organ in the new building to attract younger worshipers, but a ruling elder and financial supporter opposed the use of instruments in the church. Finally, in 1887—seven years after the elder's death—the church approved the purchase of an organ. It was built by Frank Roosevelt of New York City and installed in the gallery.
           
  Gluck Organ, Op. 12 (2007) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Len Levasseur)
Sebastian Glück
New York City – Opus 12 (2007)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 113 stops, 93 ranks




The present organ was built in 2007 by Sebastian Glück of New York City. Glück provided new pipework plus two new divisions: the unenclosed Werck Organ and Tuba Organ. Selected ranks from previous organs and revisions were tonally refinished, reeds were either new or retongued; all of the pipes retained from the previous organ were treated as raw pipework and new mouths cut. Glück designed and built a new façade for the gallery chamber opening, including a gilded and rotating star for the 8-bell Zimblestern. A new four-manual drawknob console with solid state controls was installed in the center of the chancel. Preparations have been made in the console for a future Tower division.
               
Werck (Manual II) – 61 notes, unenclosed (4" pressure) – West Chancel Bay
32
  Quintadehn [1-12 resultant]
SW
    Mixtur IV ranks
244
16
  Præstandt [unit, 1-12 wood]
85
    Zimbel III ranks
183
8
  Octava
61
16
  Fagott
61
8
  Spitzflöte
PED
   
Werck Silent
 
4
  Supra Octava
61
     
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, unenclosed (4" pressure) – East Chancel Bay
16
  Bourdon
SW
2
  Koppelpfeife
61
8
  First Diapason
61
    Mixture IV ranks
244
8
  Second Diapason
WK
    Cornet V ranks [g20-g56]
185
8
  Chimney Flute
61
8
  Clarinet
CH
8
  Harmonic Flute
SO
8
  Trumpet [ext. PED]
17
8
  Erzähler
61
8 + 4
  Grand Jeu [draws Trumpet]
12
4
  Principal
61
    Tremulant  
4
  Octave
WK

  Chimes
SO
4
  Night Horn
61
   
Great Silent
 
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
    Tuba on Great  
2
  Fifteenth
61
    Tower on Great  
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (4" pressure) – Chamber Level I, West
16
  Bourdon [unit]
73
8
  Harmonic Trumpet
61
8
  Geigen Diapason
61
8
  Hautboy
61
8
  Stopped Diapason
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Salicional
61
4
  Harmonic Clarion
61
8
  Voix Céleste
61
    Tremulant  
8
  Flûte Conique
61
    Chimes
SO
8
  Flûte Céleste [TC]
49
    Swell to Swell 16'  
4
  Geigen Octave
61
    Swell Silent  
4
  Chimney Flute
61
    Swell to Swell 4'  
2
  Octavin
61
    Tuba on Swell  
    Full Mixture V ranks
305
    Tower on Swell  
16
  Double Trumpet
61
       
       

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (4" pressure) – Chamber Level I, East
16
  Double Gemshorn [unit]
73
    Tremulant  
8
  Principal
61
    Chimes
SO
8
  Doppelflöte
61
   
Zimbelstern
8 bells
8
  Gemshorn
    Choir to Choir 16'  
8
  Gemshorn Céleste [TC]
49
    Choir Silent  
4
  Prestant
61
    Choir to Choir 4'  
4
  Flute
61
    Tuba on Choir  
2 2/3
  Nazard
61

 
Tower on Choir
 
2
  Recorder
61

 
Pedal on Choir
 
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
    Great Stops on Choir
1 1/3
  Larigot
61
8
  First Diapason
GT
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Chimney Flute
GT
16
  Bass Clarinet [unit]
73
8
  Erzähler
GT
8
  Trumpet Minor
61
4
  Principal
GT
8
  Flügel Horn
61
2
  Fifteenth
GT
8
  Clarinet
61
    Mixture IV ranks
GT

     

     
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed (8" pressure) – Chamber Level II, West
8
 
Spitzflöte
PED
16
  Bombarde Harmonique
61
8
  Viola Major
61
8
  Trompette Harmonique
61
8
  Viola Céleste
61
4
  Clairon Harmonique
61
8
  Harmonic Flute [unit]
73
    Tremulant  
4
  Principal
61
   
Chimes
21 tubes
4
  Orchestral Flute

  Solo to Solo 16'  
    Grand Chorus VIII ranks *
488

  Solo Silent  
8
  French Horn
61
    Solo to Solo 4'  
8
  English Horn
61
   
Tuba on Solo
 
8
  Corno di Bassetto
61
   
Tower on Solo
 

     

 
* unenclosed
Tuba Organ (Floating) – 61 notes, unenclosed (12" pressure)
    Cornet V ranks
GT
16
  Tuba Magna [TC]
    Grand Chorus VIII ranks
SO
8
  Tuba Major [unit]
73

     
4
  Tuba Clarion

     

     
Tower Organ (Floating) – 61 notes, enclosed (3½" pressure) – East Tower
8
 
Principal
preparation
4
 
Prestant
preparation
8
 
Holzgedeckt
preparation
2
 
Doublette
preparation
8
 
Viola Dolce
preparation
 
Fourniture IV ranks
preparation
8
 
Unda Maris
preparation
     
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes, unenclosed (4" pressure) – Chamber Level II, East
32
  Contra Sub Bass [unit]
56
4
  Spitzflöte
16
  Open Diapason Wood
32
2
  Choral Bass [Spitzbass]
16
  Open Diapason Metal
32

  Mixture III ranks
96
16
  Sub Bass
32
  Harmonics IV ranks
derived
16
  Præstandt
WK
32
  Helicon [unit] (8" wind)
68
16
  Double Gemshorn
CH
16
  Posaune
16
  Bourdon
SW
16
  Bombarde
SO
16
  Spitzbass [unit]
73
16
  Double Trumpet
SW
10 2/3
  Contra Quint [Sub Bass]
16
  Fagott
WK
8
  Principal
32
16
  Bass Clarinet
CH
8
  Stopped Flute
8
  Trumpet
8
  Spitzflöte
8
  Fagott
WK
8
  Præstandt
WK
8
  Clarinet
CH
8
  Stopped Diapason
SW
4
  Clarion
8
  Gemshorn
CH
4
  Rohr Schalmei
32
5 1/3
  Quint [Spitzbass]
    Chimes
SO
4
  Fifteenth
32
       
               
Tower Pedal Organ – 32 notes, enclosed (3½" pressure) – East Tower
16
 
Tower Bass
preparation
       
               
Couplers (rocking tablets)
    Werck to Pedal 8'   Solo to Swell 8'
    Great to Pedal 8'   Werck to Choir 8'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Great to Choir 8'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Solo to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Werck to Solo 8'
    Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'   Great to Solo 8'
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'   Swell to Solo 8'
    Choir to Swell 8'   Great/Choir Transfer
               
Adjustable Combinations
   
Couplers Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb)
Solo Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Swell Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Great Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Choir Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb & toe)
General Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12 (thumb & toe)
  General Cancel (thumb)
  Division tags are divisional cancels
               
Reversibles
    Solo to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Full Organ I (thumb & outrigger toe)
    Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Full Organ II (thumb & outrigger toe)
    Great/Werck to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Full Pedal (outrigger toe)
    Choir to Pedal (thumb & toe)   32' Contra Sub Bass (outrigger toe)
    Swell to Great (thumb & toe spoon)   32' Harmonics (outrigger toe)
    Mixtures Off (thumb)   32' Helicon (outrigger toe)
    Reeds Off (thumb)   Zimblestern (toe spoon)
    All Swells to Swell (toe spoon)      
               
Expression
    Balanced Choir Pedal   Balanced Solo Pedal
    Balanced Swell Pedal   Crescendo Pedal
               
Gluck Organ Console (2007) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Albert Jensen-Moulton)   Gluck Organ Console (2007) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (photo: Albert Jensen-Moulton)
           
  Austin Organ, Op. 2408 (1961) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust)
Austin Organs Inc.
Hartford, Conn. – Opus 2408 (1961)
Tonally revised by Sebastian Glück
New York City (1999)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 89 stops, 84 ranks




Tonal revisions to the 1961 Austin organ were carried out in 1999 by Sebastian Glück of New York City. By this time, the Echo division from the 1920 E.M. Skinner Organ had been damaged and was no longer functional.

Following is the specification from 1999:
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, unenclosed (4" pressure)
16
  Violone
61
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
8
  Diapason Major
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Diapason Minor
61
1 3/5
  Seventeenth
61
8
  Chimney Flute
61

 

  Mixture Major IV ranks
244
8
  Erzähler
61

 

  Mixture Minor IV ranks
244
4
  Principal
61

 

  Acuta III ranks
183
4
  Night Horn
61

 

  Tremulant  
4
  Gemshorn
61

 

 
Chimes
21 tubes

 

     

 

     
Swell Organ   (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (4" pressure)
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt [unit]
73
2
  Recorder
61
8
  Geigen Diapason
61
 
  Full Mixture V ranks
305
8
  Stopped Diapason
16
  Bassoon
61
8
  Viole de Gambe
61
8
  Trumpet
61
8
  Voix Céleste
61
8
  Hautboy
61
8
  Spitz Flute
61
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Flûte Céleste [TC]
49
4
  Clarion
61
4
  Geigen Octave
61
 
  Tremulant  
4
  Chimney Flute
61
 
  Chimes
GT

 

     

 

     
Choir Organ   (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (4" pressure)
16
  Gemshorn [unit]
73
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Spitz Principal
61
 
  Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Doppel Flöte
61
16
  Bass Clarinet [unit]
73
8
  Gemshorn
8
  Trumpet
61
8
  Gemshorn Celeste [TC]
49
8
  Flügel Horn
61
4
  Prestant
61
8
  Clarinet
4
  Koppel Flöte
61
4
  Rohrschalmei
61
2 2/3
  Nasard
61

 

  Tremulant  
2
  Spill Flöte
61

 

  Chimes
GT

 

     

 

     
Solo Organ   (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed (8" pressure)
8
  Viola Major
61
8
  English Horn
61
8
  Viola Céleste
61
8
  Shawm
61
8
  Flûte Harmonique [unit]
73
16
  Ophicleide
61
4
  Octave
61
8
  Harmonic Trumpet
61
4
  Flute
4
  Harmonic Clarion
61
 
  Grand Chorus IV-VII ranks  

 

  Tremulant  
8
  French Horn
61

 

     

 

     

 

     
Tower Organ   (Floating) – 61 notes [console preparation]

 

  Seven blank drawknobs  

 

     

 

     

 

     
Great-on-Choir (Manual I) – duplex action
8
  Diapason Major
GT
2
  Fifteenth
GT
8
  Chimney Flute
GT
 
  Mixture Minor IV ranks
GT
8
  Erzähler
GT
8
 
Tuba Magna
preparation
4
  Gemshorn
GT

 

     

 

     

 

     
Pedal Organ   – 32 notes, unenclosed (4" pressure)
32
  Contra Bourdon [unit] *
56
4
  Choral Bass
32
16
  Open Wood Bass *
32
4
  Spitzflöte
16
  Principal
32
2
  Flöte
16
  Bourdon *
44
 
  Mixture III ranks
96
16
  Violone
GT
32
  Double Trombone  [unit]
68
16
  Gemshorn
CH
16
  Trombone
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
16
  Ophicleide
SO
10 2/3
  Quint [Bourdon]
16
  Bassoon
SW
8
  Octave
32
16
  Clarinet
CH
8
  Gedeckt
8
  Trumpet
8
  Spitzflöte [unit]
56
4
  Clarion
8
  Still Gedeckt
SW
4
  Rohrschalmei
CH
8
  Gemshorn
CH

 

  Chimes
GT
           
* 1-12 laid horizontally
               
Austin Organ, Op. 2408 (1961) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust) Austin Organ, Op. 2408 (1961) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust) Austin Organ, Op. 2408 (1961) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust)
Austin Organ, Op. 2408 (1961) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust)
           
  Austin Organ, Op. 2408 (1961) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: John Rust)
  Opus 2408 Console in Austin brochure
Austin Organs Inc.
Hartford, Conn. – Opus 2408 (1961)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 98 stops, 92 ranks




In 1961, the church contracted with Austin Organs of Hartford to built an all-new organ. Austin installed the organ in the existing chamber on the north side of the chancel, and provided two cantilevered chests for exposed pipes of the Great division. The Echo division from the earlier 1920 Skinner organ was retained. John Huston, organist-director at the church, was the featured soloist in a program for organ and orchestra at the organ's dedication on April 25, 1965.

The First Presbyterian organ was one of a "quartet" of large and important Austin organs installed in the 1960s in New York City, the others being at the Church of the Heavenly Rest (Op. 1586-B, 1961), Fifth Avenue Presbyterian (Op. 2347, 1961) and Brick Presbyterian (Op. 2400, 1963).
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Violone
61
2 2/3
  Quint
61
8
  Principal
61
2
  Waldflote
61
8
  Montre
61
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Rohrflöte
61

  Klein Mixtur IV ranks
244
8
  Erzähler
61

  Fourniture IV ranks
244
4
  Octave
61

  Cymbal III ranks
183
4
  Gemshorn
61

  Tremulant (on flutes)  
4
  Blockflote
61
    Chimes
SO

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt [unit]
80
2
  Octavin
61
8
  Geigen
68
 
  Plein Jeu V ranks
305
8
  Gedeckt
16
  Contra Fagotto
68
8
  Salicional
68
8
  Trompette
68
8
  Gamba Celeste
68
8
  Hautbois
68
8
  Spitz Flute
68
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Flute Celeste [TC]
56
4
  Clairon
68
4
  Geigen Octave
68
 
  Tremulant  
4
  Rohrflöte
68
 
     

     

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Gemshorn [unit]
80
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Spitzprincipal
68
 
  Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Cor de Nuit
68
16
  Bass Clarinet [unit]
80
8
  Gemshorn
8
  Trumpet
68
8
  Gemshorn Celeste [TC]
56
8
  Flügel Horn
68
4
  Prestant
68
8
  Clarinet
4
  Koppelflöte
68
4
  Rohr Schalmei
68
2 2/3
  Nasard
61

  Tremulant  
2
  Spillflöte
61

     
               
Great-on-Choir (Manual I) – by duplex action
8
  Montre
GT
2
  Waldflöte
GT
8
  Rohrflöte
GT
1 1/3
  Quint [c1-c49 only]
GT
8
  Erzähler
GT
    Kleine Mixtur IV ranks
GT
4
  Gemshorn
GT
       

     

     
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Flûte Harmonique [unit]
73
8
  English Horn
61
8
  Gamba
61
8
  Orchestral Oboe
61
8
  Gamba Celeste
61
16
  Contre Bombarde
61
4
  Octave
61
8
  Bombarde
61
4
  Concert Flute
4
  Bombarde Clairon
61
 
  Grand Chorus IV-VII ranks
343

  Tremulant  
8
  French Horn
61

 
Chimes
21 tubes

     

     
Echo Organ (Floating) – 61 notes [from E.M. Skinner, Op. 293 (1920)]
8
  Diapason
73
4
  Octave
73
8
  Gedeckt
73
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
8
  Aeoline
73
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Viola
73
    Tremulant
8
  Voix Celeste
73
    Echo Wind On  

     

     
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Contra Bourdon [unit] *
56
4
  Choral Bass
32
16
  Principal
32
4
  Spitzflöte
16
  Flute Ouverte *
32
2
  Flöte
16
  Bourdon *
 
  Mixture III ranks
96
16
  Violone
GT
32
  Contra Posaune [unit]
68
16
  Gemshorn
CH
16
  Posaune
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
16
  Bombarde
SO
10 2/3
  Quint [Bourdon]
16
  Fagotto
SW
8
  Octave
32
16
  Clarinet
CH
8
  Bourdon
8
  Trumpet
8
  Spitzflöte [unit]
56
4
  Clarion
8
  Still Gedeckt
SW
4
  Rohr Schalmei
CH
8
  Gemshorn
CH

  Chimes
SO
           
* 1-12 laid horizontally
           
  Dr. William C. Carl at the console of Skinner Organ, Op. 293 (1920) at the First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Organ Historical Society)
 
Dr. William C. Carl at Skinner console
Skinner Organ Company
Boston, Mass. – Opus 293 (1920); Opus 293-A (1929)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 76 stops, 72 ranks







In 1921, the Skinner Organ Company installed its Op. 293 in the newly constructed chancel of the church. Skinner incorporated much of the organ built by Hutchings-Votey (c.1904, Op. 1550) for Madison Square Presbyterian Church, and some pipes from the Frank Roosevelt organ (Op. 364, 1887) in the gallery. The main divisions were installed in the present chamber located on the north side of the chancel, while the Echo was located in a chamber at the base of the tower.

Additional work done by Skinner in 1929 (as Op. 239-A) included the addition of new stops, tonal alterations, and a new console. The new console featured a "Willis" pedal board, which was highly regarded by Dr. William Carl, organist and choirmaster from 1892-1936. Another console control allowed the combination action to be locked. Following is the 1929 stoplist:
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes (5" pressure)
16
  Diapason
61
4
  Octave [new pipes]
61
8
  First Diapason [new pipes]
61
4
  Flute
61
8
  Second Diapason
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Third Diapason
61
    Harmonics III ranks [added 1929]
183
8
  Flute Harmonique [rep. Gedeckt]
61
 
  Mixture III ranks [new pipes]
183
8
  Viola [rep. Gamba]
61
8
  Trumpet [new pipes & chest]
61
8
  Waldflote
61
 
  Chimes
EC
8
  Erzahler
61
 
     

     
 
     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure)
16
  Bourdon
73
4
  Octave
61
8
  First Diapason [new pipes]
73
4
  Flute Triangulaire [rep. Violina]
61
8
  Geigen Diapason [rep. 2nd Diap.]
73
2
  Flautino
61
8
  Gedeckt
73
    Mixture III ranks [new pipes]
183
8
  Gamba
73
16
  Posaune [rep. 16' Trumpet]
73
8
  Clarabella
73
8
  Trumpet [rep. Cornopean]
73
8
  Spitzflote
73
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Flute Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Salicional
73
4
  Clarion [new pipes]
61
8
  Voix Celeste
73
    Tremolo  

     

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (5" pressure)
8
  Diapason [new pipes]
73
2
  Piccolo
61
8
  Gamba
73
8
  Flugel Horn
73
8
  Viola
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Concert Flute
73
    Tremolo  
4
  Flute
61
8
  Harp [TC]
4
  Gemshorn
61
4
 
Celesta [new 1929]
61 bars
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
       

     

     
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed (10" pressure)
8
  Stentorphone [new 1929]
73
8
  Tuba Mirabilis (12")
73
8
  Gamba
73
8
  French Horn
73
8
  Gamba Celeste
73
8
  English Horn
73
8
  Echo Dulcet [rep. Musette]
73
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
4
  Hohlpfeife
73
    Tremolo  

     

     
Echo Organ – 61 notes, enclosed (5" pressure)
8
  Diapason [new pipes]
73
4
  Flute Harmonique
73
8
  Gedeckt
73
4
  Octave [new pipes]
73
8
  Viol d'Orchestre
73
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Voix Celeste
73
    Tremolo  
8
  Aeoline
73
   
Chimes
25 tubes

     

     
Pedal Organ – 32 notes – Augmented (5", 6", 10", & 15" pressures)
32
  Diapason [unit] (6")
68
8
  Still Gedeckt
SW
16
  Diapason (5")
4
  Super Octave
16
  Bourdon [unit] (5")
44
32
  Bombarde [unit] (1-12, 12")
68
16
  Violone (5")
32
16
  Trombone (8")
16
  Echo Bourdon
SW
16
  Posaune
SW
10 2/3
  Quint
32
8
  Tromba (8")
8
  Octave
4
  Clarion (8") [12 new pipes]
8
  Gedeckt
    Chimes
EC
8
  Cello
SO
       
               
Couplers
    Great to Pedal 8'   Swell to Choir 8', 4'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Choir 8'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Great to Solo 8'
    Solo to Pedal 8', 4'   Swell 16', 4'
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Choir 16', 4'
    Choir to Great 16', 8'   Solo 16', 4'
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'    
               
Adjustable Combinations
   
Great Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb) Pedal Combs. to Manual On/Off
Swell Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb & toe) Pedal Combs. to Manual On/Off
Choir Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb) Pedal Combs. to Manual On/Off
Solo Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)  
Echo Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb) – Fixed with indicator
Pedal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)  
Full Organ Pistons 1-2-3 (thumb) – Acting on the last three of each manual
               
Pedal Movements
    Balanced Swell Pedal   Great to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Choir Pedal   Solo to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Solo Pedal   Pedal pistons duplicating Swell combs.
    Register Crescendo Pedal  
           
 

Roosevelt Organ (Op. 368, 1887) at First Presbyterian Church - New York City (Photo: First Presbyterian Church)

Frank Roosevelt
New York City – Opus 364 (1887)
Mechanical action
3 manuals, 45 stops, 52 ranks




The present church building did not have an organ until 1887, when the Roosevelt Organ Company of New York City installed (at a cost of $12,000) their Opus 364 in the church gallery. To celebrate the church's first organ, a series of free-admission organ recitals were offered to the public; these recitals featured not only local organists, but also Alexandre Guilmant, the renowned French virtuoso. In 1892, William C. Carl was appointed as the church's first organist and choirmaster. In 1898, during Guilmant's second American tour, the idea was formed to found a school for organ instruction in New York. The next year, First Presbyterian offered the use of its new Roosevelt organ and facilities for use by the Guilmant Organ School. The Guilmant School existed until the 1970s.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes, partially enclosed with Choir
16
  Double Open Diapason *
58
4
  Flute Harmonique
58
8
  1st Open Diapason *
58
2 2/3
  Octave Quint
58
8
  2nd Open Diapason *
58
2
  Super Octave
58
8
  Viola di Gamba
58
    Mixture, 4 ranks
232
8
  Principal Flöte
58
8
  Trumpet
58
8
  Doppel Flöte
58
   
* unenclosed
4
  Octave
58
   
 

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon [treble & bass, split knob]
58
4
  Hohl Flöte
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
2
  Flageolet
58
8
  Spitz Flöte
58
    Cornet, 3, 4, and 5 ranks
242
8
  Salicional
58
16
  Contra Fagotto
58
8
  Dolce
58
8
  Cornopean
58
8
  Vox Celestis
58
8
  Oboe
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Vox Humana
58
4
  Octave
58
4
  Clarion
58
4
  Salicet
58
 
     

     

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
58
4
  Fugara
58
8
  Geigen Principal
58
4
  Flute d'Amour
58
8
  Dulciana
58
2
  Piccolo Harmonique
58
8
  Concert Flute
58
8
  Clarinet
58
8
  Quintadena
58
       

     

     
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
16
  Open Diapason
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Dulciana
30
8
  Flute
30
16
  Bourdon
30
16
  Trombone
30
10 2/3
  Quint
30
 
     
               
Couplers
    Swell to Great   Swell to Pedal
    Choir to Great   Great to Pedal
    Swell to Choir   Choir to Pedal
    Swell Octaves on Itself    
               
Mechanical Accessories
    Swell Tremulant   Engine Signal
    Choir Tremulant   Belt Shifter
        Eclipse Wind Indicator
         
Pedal Movements (Roosevelt Patent Adjustable Combination Pedals)
    Three for Great and Pedal stops and couplers
    Three for Swell and Pedal stops and couplers
    Two for Choir and Pedal stops and couplers
    Two for Pedal stops and all couplers
    Full Organ (all stops and couplers except Swell Vox Humana and Vox Celestis)
    Pedal Ventil (silences Pedal stops without moving knobs)
    Great to Pedal Reversible
    Balanced Swell Pedal
    Balanced Choir Pedal
           
Sources:
     Austin Organs Inc. Advertisement, The American Organist (Dec. 1963). Stoplist of Austin organ, Op. 2408 (1961).
     Austin Organs Inc. Brochure. Console of Austin organ, Op. 2408 (1961). Courtesy Larry Trupiano.
     Aeolian-Skinner Archives web site: http://aeolianskinner.organsociety.org/Specs/Op00293.html  Stoplist of Skinner organ, Op. 293 (1929).
     "Cover Feature," The American Organist (Sep. 2009).
     "Cover Feature," The Diapason (May 2009).
     Dolkart, Andrew S. and Matthew A. Postal. Guide to New York City Landmarks (Third Edition). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2004.
     Dunlap, David. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     First Presbyterian Church web site: http://www.fpcnyc.org
     Fowler, Dorothy Ganfield. A City Church: The First Presbyterian Church in the City of New York, 1716-1976. The First Presbyterian Church in the City of New York, 1981.
     Glück New York web site: http://www.glucknewyork.com
     Glück, Sebastian. Austin Organs Worksheet (Feb. 1964) with stoplist of Austin organ Op. 2408 (1961).
     Glück, Sebastian. Specification of Frank Roosevelt organ, Op. 364 (1887).
     Holden, Dorothy. The Life and Work of Ernest M. Skinner. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1987.
     Kinzey, Allen, and Sand Lawn, comps. E.M. Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List. New Rev. Ed. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1997.
     Ochse, Orpha. Austin Organs. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 2001.
     Ochse, Orpha. The History of the Organ in the United States. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1975.
     Ogasapian, John. Organ Building in New York City: 1700-1900. Braintree: The Organ Literature Foundation, 1977.
     Stop, Open and Reed – a Periodical Presentation of Pipe Organ Progress, Boston: Skinner Organ Company, 1922-1927.

Illustrations:
     Austin Organs Inc. Brochure. Console of Austin organ, Op. 2408 (1961). Courtesy Larry Trupiano.
     First Presbyterian Church Archives. Various.
     Jensen-Moulton, Albert. Console of Glück organ, Op. 12 (2007).
     Levasseur, Len. Exposed pipes of Glück organ, Op. 12 (2007).
     Rust, John. Color exterior; interior; Austin organ, Op. 2408 (1961).
     Stop, Open and Reed. Dr. William C. Carl at console of Skinner organ, Op. 293 (1920).