LDS New York Stake Center - New York City (artist's rendering)

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New York Stake Center
(Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints)

Two Lincoln Square
125 Columbus Avenue at 65th Street
New York, N.Y. 10023
website

Organ Specifications:
Two Lincoln Square (since 1975)
II/13 Sebastian Glück (2005)
II/7 Pennoyer Organ Co. (1975)
142 West 81st Street (1944-1975)
II/13 W.W. Kimball Co. (1932)
2162 Broadway at 76th Street (c.1934-1944)
• III/44 William W. Laws (1930)

The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, popularly called Mormons, was organized in Fayette, New York, on April 6, 1830, under the leadership of Joseph Smith. However, the Mormons did not have a significant presence in New York City until the "New York, New York" Stake was created in 1934, it being the first stake east of the Mississippi. From the 1930s until 1944 the church met in the former Manhattan Congregational Church, located in the base of the Manhattan Towers Hotel at 2162 Broadway. In 1944, the stake moved to 142 West 81st Street, the former Central Christian Church and now Mount Pleasant Baptist Church, where it remained for 31 years. In 1975, Spencer W. Kimball, president of the LDS Church, dedicated the present building at Two Lincoln Square, located across Broadway from Lincoln Center. The six-story rectangular building was designed by Schuman, Lichtenstein & Claman, and originally included the Mormon Visitors' Center, Family History Center and a chapel.

In 2002, the church announced that the Lincoln Center building would be transformed to include a new urban temple. Architect Frank Fernandez, who had designed several new LDS Church wards in Manhattan, gutted and soundproofed the upper and lower floors to accomodate the new temple, providing a separate entrance and elevators. The new Manhattan Temple now fills the first, second, fifth and sixth floors of the 20,634-square-foot building, with the third and fourth floors holding a family history center, meetinghouse and LDS administrative offices. A new spire, topped by a 10-foot statue of the angel Moroni, was added to the southwest corner of the building.
           
  New York Stake Center of LDS Church - NYC (Photo: Glück Orgelbau)
Sebastian Glück
New York City (2005)
Electric expansion chamber action
Solid State combination action
2 manuals, 30 registers, 13 stops, 13 ranks




Designed in consultation with Dr. Clay Christiansen, organist at the Mormon Tabernacle since 1982, this instrument is intended to lead hymn singing and accompany choral and instrumental ensembles for several Wards. The thirteen-rank instrument speaks from a lofty position behind the rostrum of this large worship space within the New York Stake Center. While the visual design and choice of materials were dictated by the client and their architect, Frank Fernandez, the live, ringing acoustic was achieved in consultation with Sebastian M. Glück, Tonal Director of Glück Orgelbau, who was involved early in the planning stages.

The metal pipes are constructed with 50% tin, with zinc used for the bass octaves of the larger ranks. Poplar was used for the Pedal flutes and the Swell Stopped Diapason. Haskell re-entrant tubes are used for the lowest notes of the Pedal 16' Contra Bass. The pipes speak from electro-pneumatic slider-and-pallet soundboards, with traditional electro-pneumatic pouch windchests for the duplexed and extended stops.
     
Great Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes
16
  Double Gemshorn
SW
4
  Principal
61
8
  Open Diapason
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Chimney Flute
61
8
  Trumpet
SW
8
  Gemshorn
SW
    Great to Great 4'  
8
  Gemshorn Celeste
SW
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'  
               
Swell Organ(Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Gemshorn
73
2
  Recorder
61
8
  Gemshorn Celeste (TC)
49
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Stopped Diapason
61
16
  Trumpet Bass
73
4
  Gemshorn (fr. 8')
8
  Trumpet (fr. Tpt. Bass)
4
  Spindle Flute
61
    Tremulant (entire organ)  
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
    Swell to Swell 16', 4'  

             
Pedal Organ – 32 notes, unenclosed
16
  Contra Bass (ext. GT O.D.)
12
4
  Flute (fr. Sub Bass)
16
  Sub Bass
56
    Piffaro II (4'+2')
SW
10 2/3
  Contra Quint (fr. Sub Bass)
16
  Trumpet Bass
SW
8
  Principal
GT
8
  Trumpet
SW
8
  Bass Flute (fr. Sub Bass)
4
  Clarion
SW
8
  Gemshorn
SW
    Great to Pedal 8'  
4
  Fifteenth
GT
    Swell to Pedal 8'  
               
Adjustable Combinations
   
Swell Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Great Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Pedal Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb & toe)
Entire Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb & toe)
  General Cancel (thumb)
  Set (thumb)
         
Reversibles
    Great to Pedal (toe)   Tutti (thumb & toe)
    Swell to Pedal (toe)    
         
Expression
    Balanced Swell Pedal    
    Crescendo Pedal    
         
Pennoyer Organ Company
Bernardsville, N.J. (1975)
Direct-Electric action
2 manuals, 28 registers, 7 stops, 7 ranks


The original organ in the present Stake Center was built in 1975 by the Pennoyer Organ Company. This organ was installed in the ceiling chamber above a stairwell and spoke through a long tonal opening along the left side of the assembly room.
     
Great Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes
8
  Principal
73
2
  Koppel Flute (fr. 4')
8
  Rohr Flute
61
8
  Trompette
SW
8
  Spitz Flute
SW
4
  Trompette
SW
8
  Spitz Flute Celeste
SW
  Great 16', Unison Off, 4'
4
  Octave (fr. Principal)
  Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'
4
  Koppel Flute
73
   
               
Swell Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Gedeckt
97
4
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
8
  Spitz Flute
73
2 2/3
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
8
  Spitz Flute Celeste (TC)
61
2
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
8
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
8
  Trompette
73
4
  Spitz Flute
4
  Trompette (fr. 8')
4
  Spitz Flute Celeste
    Swell 16', Unison Off, 4'  

             
Pedal Organ – 32 notes, unenclosed
16
  Gedeckt
SW
4
  Gedeckt
SW
8
  Principal
GT
8
  Trompette
SW
8
  Rohr Flute
GT
4
  Trompette
SW
8
  Gedeckt
SW
  Great to Pedal 8', 4'
4
  Principal
GT
  Swell to Pedal 8', 4'
           
Organ in the former Central Christian Church at 142 West 81st Street:

W.W. Kimball Co.
Chicago, Ill. (1932)
Electro-pneumatic action
2 manuals, 32 registers, 13 stops, 13 ranks


In 1932, the previous Odell organ in Central Christian Church was replaced by a new instrument built by the W.W. Kimball Co. of Chicago. The specifications were by R. P. Elliot in consultation with Hugh Porter, who dedicated the organ on October 12, 1932.
               
Great Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Diapason
73
4
  Clarabella (fr. 8')
8
  Erzahler
73
8
  Tromba
73
8
  Clarabella
85
    Tremulant  
8
  Dulciana
73
   
Chimes
20 tubes
4
  Octave
73
       
               
Swell Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Gedeckt
109
2
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
8
  Violin Diapason
73
1 3/5
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
8
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
16
  Waldhorn
97
8
  Viola
73
8
  Waldhorn (fr. 16')
8
  Salicional
73
4
  Waldhorn (fr. 16')
4
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
8
  Vox Humana
73
4
  Salicional
    Tremulant Vox  
2 2/3
  Gedeckt (fr. 16')
    Tremulant  
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes, enclosed
32
  Resultant
8
  Bourdon (fr. 16')
16
  Diapason (ext. GT)
12
8
  Gedeckt
SW
16
  Bourdon
56
4
  Bourdon (fr. 16')
16
  Gedeckt
SW
16
  Waldhorn
SW
8
  Diapason
GT
8
  Waldhorn
SW
         
Organ in the former Manhattan Congregational Christian Church at 2162 Broadway:

William W. Laws
Beverly, Mass. – Opus 86 (1901)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 44 stops


The organ in the Manhattan Congregational Church, located in the base of the Manhattan Towers Hotel on Broadway at 76th Street, was built in 1901 as Op. 86 of the Lyon & Healy Company of Chicago. It is believed that the Lyon & Healy organ was rebuilt and enlarged by Wm. W. Laws for use in the congfegation's new building, a skyscraper church erected in 1930. Specifications of this organ have not yet been located.
           
Sources:
     The American Organist (Nov. 1932). Stoplist of W.W. Kimball Co. organ )1932) at Central Christian Church.
     Dunlap, David. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     Glück New York web site: http://www.glucknewyork.com
     Glück, Sebastian M. Stoplist of Pennoyer Organ Co. organ (1975).

Illustrations:
     Glück New York. Exposed pipes of Sebastian Glück organ (2005).