No. 1071 Fifth Avenue at far right
George H. Penniman Residence

1071 Fifth Avenue at 88th Street
New York, N.Y. 10128


George Henry Penniman (1829-1909) was a wealthy merchant who made his fortune from linseed oil but primarily from real estate dealings. He died in his 80th year on June 1, 1909, at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Robert C. Lewis, in Pompton, N.J.

Mr. Penniman built a mansion at 1071 Fifth Avenue on property purchased in October 1897. Located 26 feet north of East 88th Street, the lot was 80 by 125 feet, with an "L" measuring 25 by 55 feet that extended to 88th Street. The site is now occupied by the Guggenheim Museum. Mr. Penniman previously lived at 536 Fifth Avenue (45th Street) and had a country home in Quoque, L.I.
           
  Aeolian Organ, Op. 853 (1898) in George H. Penniman Residence - New York City
Aeolian Company
New York City – Opus 853 (1898)
Electro-pneumatic action
2 manuals, 12 stops, 12 ranks
Aeolian Player



The Aeolian Company contract, dated April 16, 1898, states that this organ would be built in a hall, occupying a space 14 ft. wide, 4 ft. deep and 16 ft. high, with the lower part of the instrument extending 4 ft. into rooms below to gain the necessary height. An organ case of quartered oak with dark finish would be surmounted by gilded front pipes, all of which was to conform as much as possible to the other architecture in the house, subject to approval. Aeolian provided a detached "keybox" (console) of ebonized wood that would conform to the finish in the library. The owner's Steinway Grand Piano was to be connected to the console with Aeolian mechanism. Total cost of the organ was $5,000.

This organ was later moved to the Masonic Temple, Portsmouth, Ohio.
               
Great Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes, enclosed with Swell
8
  Violin Diapason
58
4
  Flute d'Amour
58
8
  Dolcissimo
58
8
  Trumpet
58
8
  Gross Flöte
58
       
               
Swell Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes, enclosed
8
  Salicional
58
8
  Gemshorn
58
8
  Vox Celeste
58
4
  Violina
58
8
  Rohr Flöte
58
8
  Orchestral Oboe
58

     

     
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
16
  Contra Bass
30
   
               
Couplers
    Swell to Great     Swell at Octaves
    Swell to Great Octaves     Swell at Sub Octaves
    Great to Swell     Swell to Pedal
    Swell Off     Great to Pedal
               
Accessories
    Tremulant     Great Organ Piano Comb. Piston
    Great Organ to Aeolian     Great Organ Mezzo Comb. Piston
    Swell Organ to Aeolian     Great Organ Forte Comb. Piston
    Pedal Organ to Aeolian     Swell Organ Piano Comb. Piston
    Aeolian Tempo     Swell Organ Mezzo Comb. Piston
    Aeolian Return     Swell Organ Forte Comb. Piston
    Balanced Crescendo Pedal    
    Balanced Great and Swell Pedal    
           
Sources:
     "In the Real Estate Field," The New York Times (Oct. 15, 1897).
     Obituary Notices. The New York Times (June. 4, 1909).
     Smith, Rollin. The Aeolian Pipe Organ and its Music. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1998.
     Trupiano, Larry. Factory Specifications of Aeolian Organ, Op. 853 (1898).
     "What is Doing in Society," The New York Times (Jan. 6, 1900).

Illustrations:
     eBay.com. (c.1911) postcard of Fifth Avenue mansions.
     Trupiano, Larry. Console of Aeolian Organ, Op. 853 (1898).