Church of the Resurrection (Episcopal) - New York City

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Church of the Resurrection
(Episcopal)

119 East 74th Street
New York, N.Y. 10021
http://www.resurrectionnyc.org


Organ Specifications:
III/42 Casavant Frères, Ltée, Op. 665 (1916); reb. (2009)
• III/52 Ahlborn-Galanti Organs electronic (2003)
III/37 McManis Organ Company, Op. 53 (1962)
IV/23 Skinner Organ Company, Op. 503 (1924)
III/37 J.H. & C.S. Odell, Op. 283 (1890); installed (1905)


The Anglo-Catholic Church of the Resurrection was founded in 1866 as a Free Episcopal Church (having no pew rentals), and was originally called the Church of the Holy Sepulchre. The building was designed by James Renwick, Jr., of Renwick & Sands and completed in 1869. Due to the church's location to the east of Fourth (Park) Avenue, it was known to the gentry as the "Servants' Church." In 1902, the name was changed to the Church of the Resurrection. Beginning in 1920, the church's adherence to Anglo-Catholic doctrine and style of worship have been a draw to many. The church is also home to Resurrection Episcopal Day School, a Montessori pre-school.
         
 

Casavant Frères Organ, Op. 665 (1916), reb. by Organ Clearing House (2009) in the Church of the Resurrection - New York City (photo: Ray Stubblebine)

   
  Casavant Frères Organ, Op. 665 (1916), reb. by Organ Clearing House (2009) in the Church of the Resurrection - New York City (photo: Ray Stubblebine)
Casavant Frères, Limitée
St. Hyacinthe, Québec, Canada – Opus 665 (1916)
Moved and rebuilt by Organ Clearing House (2009)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 49 registers, 38 stops, 42 ranks



The present organ was originally built in 1916 for the "Lower Church" of the Roman Catholic Church of SS. Peter and Paul in Lewiston, Maine. Casavant's Op. 665 had three manuals, 33 stops and 36 ranks, and incorporated the modified case and many pipes from the previous E. & G. G. Hook & Hastings organ (1880, Op. 1011) that had 2 manuals and 24 registers. After many years of heavy use, the organ was neglected and had become unplayable. The now-Basilica of SS. Peter and Paul opted to sell the organ and use the proceeds to fund renovation of its much-larger Casavant organ in the Upper Church.

In 2004, the Church of the Resurrection purchased this organ from the Organ Clearing House, and contracted with them to provide for all necessary restoration and voicing work, including the addition of several new ranks of pipes to make the organ more flexible. The Great, Swell, and Pedal divisions are installed on a shelf at the liturgical West end of the church, and the Positif and new Solo divisions, with some Pedal stops, are in the chancel chamber. Some pipes and the chimes from the previous 1962 McManis organ (Op. 53) were retained, as was the Pedal 16' Bourdon from the 1924 Skinner organ (Op. 503). The new Solo division reuses the high-pressure chest of the original Grand Orgue, plus a new chest for the Tuba Mirabilis.

Tonal design and finishing was by Scot Huntington of Stonington, Conn. John Bishop of the Organ Clearing House modified and upgraded Casavant's original Op. 665 console.

The organ was dedicated on February 22, 2011, with a solo recital given by Peter Richard Conte of Philadelphia. The dedicatory series continued on April 15, 2011, with an organ and orchestra concert featuring David Enlow, organist of the church, and Stephen Simon, conductor. Also on the series were eight solo organ recitals on Sunday afternoons.
               
Grand Orgue (Manual II) – 61 notes (liturgical west end)
16
  Violon *
65
4
  Octave
65
8
  Principal
65
2
  Doublette
61
8
  Flûte double
65
    Mixture III rangs +
195
8
  Salicional
65
       
               
Récit (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (liturgical west end)
16
  Bourdon
65
16
  Basson +
89
8
  Principal
65
8
  Cor
65
8
  Bourdon
65
8
  Hautbois (fr. Basson)
8
  Viole de gambe
65
8
  Voix humaine
65
8
  Voix céleste (TC)
53
4
  Hautbois (fr. Basson)
4
  Principal
65
    Tremolo  
2
  Octavin
61
   
# (12 + 15) or (12 + 19) or both;
selectable by thumb pistons
    Mixture II + II rangs #
183
   
               
Positif (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (chancel)
16
  Dulciane * (Gemshorn)
77
8
  Viole céleste (TC) +
53
8
  Principal
65
4
  Flûte douce
65
8
  Melodie
65
2
  Flageolet
61
8
  Dulciane (fr. 16')
65
8
  Clarinette
65
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
65
    Tremolo  
               
Solo (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (chancel)
8
  Montre (old G.O. 1ére Montre)
65
    Tremolo  
8
  Flûte harmonique +
65
   
Cloches *
25 tubes
8
 
Cor d'Orchestre
61
   
Solo sur G.O.
 
8
  Tuba Mirabilis +
61
       
               
Pédale – 30 notes
32
  Basse Acoustique
derived
8
  Flûte
30
16
  Flûte ouverte
30
8
  Bourdon
30
16
  Violon
G.O.
8
  Violon
G.O.
16
  Bourdon
30
8
  Duciane
POS
16
  Bourdon Réc.
RÉC
4
  Violon
G.O.
16
  Bourdon Pos. # (enc. in POS)
30
32
  Basson Cornet
derived
16
  Dulciane
POS
16
  Bombarde
30
10 2/3
  Quinte * (Quintaton)
30
8
  Basson
RÉC
               
           
* from McManis organ, Op. 53 (1962)
           
# from Skinner organ, Op. 503 (1924)
           
+ new stops added by John Bishop (2009)
               
Accouplements
    Grand Orgue à Pédale   Récit Unisson Muet
    Récit à Pédale   Récit Aigu
    Positif à Pédale   Récit Grave au Positif
    Solo à Pédale   Récit au Positif
    Récit Aigu à Pédale   Récit Aigu au Positif
    Solo Aigu à Pédale   Positif Grave
    Récit Grave au Grand Orgue   Positif Unisson Muet
    Récit au Grand Orgue   Solo Aigu
    Récit Aigu au Grand Orgue   Solo Grave
    Positif Grave au Grand Orgue   Solo Unisson Meut
    Positif au Grand Orgue   Solo Aigu
    Positif Aigu au Grand Orgue    
    Grand Orgue Aigu   Exp. Solo sur Crescendo
    Récit Grave   Grand Orgue / 1ier Clav. Échange
         
Boutons de Combinaisons Ajustables
   
Récit Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Grand Orgue Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Positif Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Solo Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb)
Pédale Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb & toe)
General Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb; 1-7 dup. by toe) – left side
General (cont.) Pistons 9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18-19-20 (thumb) – right side
  Set Piston
  General Cancel Piston
         
Boutons a Double Action (Reversibles)
    Récit à Pédale (thumb & toe)   Sforzando (thumb)
    Grand Orgue à Pédale (thumb & toe)   Récit Mixture (12 + 15) (thumb)
    Positif à Pédale (thumb & toe)   Récit Cornet (12 + 19) (thumb)
    Solo à Pédale (thumb & toe)    
         
Accessoires
    Pédale d'Expression – Récit   Memory Up (thumb)
    Pédale d'Expression – Positif et Solo   Memory Down (thumb)
    Pédale de Crescendo   Record / Playback
           
Ahlborn-Galanti Organs
Bensenville, Ill. (2003)
Chronicler III model
Electronic tonal generation
Electric key, stop and combination action
3 manuals, 52 stops


In 2003, a three-manual digital organ by Ahlborn-Galanti Organs was installed as a long-term temporary instrument. The organ was connected to an Ahlborn-Galanti Romantic Archive module that contained mostly extra solo voices and 32' pedal stops.
 
 

McManis Organ, Op. 53 (1962) formerly at Church of the Resurrection (Episcopal) - New York City (photo: The Diapason, June 1963; courtesy Jeff Scofield)

McManis Organ Company
Kansas City, Mo. – Opus 53 (1962)
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 43 registers, 28 stops, 37 ranks


In 1962, a completely new three-manual organ was built by Charles W. McManis of Kansas City. The organ was divided with the Great and Pedal located in a gallery at the liturgical West end, and the Swell and Positif were in the chancel chamber. David Hewlett, organist and choirmaster of the church, played the dedication recital on January 13, 1963, and Catharine Crozier was heard in recital on April 25, 1963.

At some point, the gallery divisions were reconfigured to expose the stained glass window. Over time, the organ became unreliable and its use was discontinued when the Ahlborn-Galanti instrument was installed in 2003. In February 2009, the organ was removed by the Organ Clearing House. 22 selected ranks and some parts were acquired by Quimby Organs, Warrensburg, Mo., for use in the McManis organs they service.
               
Great Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes (liturgical west end)
16
  Quintaton
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Principal
61
1 1/3
  Fourniture IV ranks
244
8
  Rohr Floete
61
8
  Bombarde (ext. PED)
17
4
  Octave
61
 
 
Chimes (enc. in SW)
25 tubes
               
Positive Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes (chancel)
8
  Gedackt Flöte
61
    Sesquialtera II ranks
122
4
  Principal
61
    Zimbel III ranks
183
4
  Flute
61
16
  Dulzian
SW
2
  Octave
61
8
  Regal
61
1
  Principal
61
       
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (chancel)
16
  Gemshorn
73
  Plein Jeu III ranks
183
8
  Gemshorn (fr. 16')
16
  Dulzian
85
8
  Gemshorn Celeste (TC)
49
8
  Trompette
61
8
  Bourdon
61
8
  Dulzian (fr. 16')
8
  Flute Celeste II ranks
110
4
  Dulzian (fr. 16')
4
  Spitz Principal
61
    Tremulant  
2
  Piccolo
61
    Swell to Swell 4'  
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Acoustic Bass
derived
4
  Gemshorn
SW
16
  Prestant (Gallery façade)
32
 16
  Bombarde
56
16
  Quintaton
GT
16
  Dulzian
SW
16
  Gemshorn
SW
8
  Bombarde (fr. 16')
16
  Bourdon *
SW
8
  Dulzian
SW
8
  Octave
32
4
  Bombarde (fr. 16')
8
  Gemshorn
SW
4
  Dulzian
SW
4
  Choral Bass
32
     
     
* retained from Skinner organ, Op. 503 (1924)
Couplers
    Great to Pedal   Swell to Great
    Swell to Pedal   Positiv to Great
    Positiv to Pedal   Swell to Positiv
             
Adjustable Combinations
   
Great Organ Pistons No. 1-2-3-4 thumb
Swell Organ Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6 thumb
Positiv Organ Pistons No. 1-2-3-4 thumb
Pedal Organ Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5 thumb & toe
Full Organ Pistons No. 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 thumb & toe
             
Reversibles
    Great to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Positiv to Pedal (thumb)
    Swell to Pedal (thumb)   Full Organ (thumb & toe)
             
Pedal Movements
    Balanced Swell Expression Pedal    
    Crescendo Pedal    
             
McManis Organ, Op. 63 (1962) in Church of the Resurrection - New York City (photo: Organ Clearing House)   McManis Organ, Op. 63 (1962) in Church of the Resurrection - New York City (photo: Organ Clearing House)
Reconfigured Gallery Divisions   Console of McManis Organ, Op. 53
           
Skinner Organ Company
Boston, Mass. – Opus 503 (1924)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 34 registers, 25 stops, 25 ranks, 1,542 pipes
[If completed: 4 manuals, 43 stops, 57 ranks, 3,676 pipes]


In 1924, the Skinner Organ Company of Boston designed a four-manual organ that was to have a total of 43 stops and 57 ranks. Due to financial constraints, only the Swell, Great and Pedal divisions were installed.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Bourdon
61
4
  Octave
61
8
  First Diapason
61
4
  Harmonic Flute
61
8
  Second Diapason
61
2 2/3
  Twelfth *  
8
  Stopped Flute
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Erzahler
61
    Mixture III ranks *  
8
  Gedeckt
SW
8
  Tromba *  
8
  Dulcet Celeste II ranks
SW
 
  Chimes *  
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Gamba
73
2
  Harmonic Piccolo *  
8
  Diapason
73
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Gedeckt
73
    Mixture V ranks *  
8
  Salicional
73
16
  Posaune
73
8
  Voix Celeste
73
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Dulcet
73
8
  Corno d'Amore
73
8
  Dulcet Celeste (TC)
61
8
  Vox Humana
73
4
  Gemshorn
73
4
  Clarion *  
4
  Flute Triangulaire
73
 
  Tremolo  
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Bourdon *  
4
  Flute *  
8
  Diapason *  
2
  Harmonic Piccolo *  
8
  Concert Flute *  
1 1/3
  Larigot *  
8
  Gamba *  
8
  English Horn *  
8
  Flauto Dolce *       Tremolo *  
8
  Flute Celeste (TC) *       Harp *  
8
  Quintadena *       Celesta *  
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Gross Gedeckt *  
8
  English Horn *
CH
8
  Gross Gamba *  
8
  Clarinet *  
8
  Gamba Celeste *       Tremolo *  
4
  Orchestral Flute *       Harp *
CH
8
  Tuba *       Celesta *
CH
8
  French Horn *          
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Bourdon (ext. GT)
12
5 1/3
  Larigot
GT
16
  Diapason
56
4
  Super Octave (fr. 16' Diap.)
16
  Violone
44
4
  Stopped Flute
GT
16
  Bourdon
GT
4
  Echo Still Gedeckt *
CH
16
  Gamba
SW
3 1/5
  Tierce
GT
16
  Echo Bourdon *
CH
16
  Trombone
56
8
  Octave (fr. 16' Diapason)
16
  Posaune
SW
8
  Cello (fr. 16' Violone)
8
  Tromba (fr. 16' Trombone)
8
  Gedeckt
GT
4
  Clarion (fr. 16' Trombone)
8
  Still Gedeckt *
CH
    Chimes
GT
               
           
* console preparation
Couplers
    Great to Pedal   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Solo to Choir
    Choir to Pedal   Swell to Solo
    Solo to Pedal   Great to Solo
    Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Swell 16', 4'
    Choir to Great 16', 8', 4', 2-2/3'   Choir 16', 4'
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'   Solo 16', 4'
         
 

J.H. & C.S. Odell Organ (<1891) in Church of the Holy Sepulchre - New York City

J.H. & C.S. Odell
New York City – Opus 283 (1890); installed (1905)
Tubular-pneumatic action
3 manuals, 32 stops, 37 ranks








The first known pipe organ in the Church of the Holy Sepulchre was installed in 1905. This organ was originally built in 1890 by J.H. & C.S. Odell of New York City for All Souls Protestant Episcopal Church, then located on Madison Avenue at 66th Street. In 1905, All Souls Church merged with the Church of the Archangel in Harlem, and sold their property and building on Madison Avenue. In October 1905, the Vestry of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre purchased the 1890 Odell organ for $2,000, half of which was contributed by the Rev. Alfred D. Pell, the Rector, and contracted with the W.W. Kimball Co. of Chicago to move the organ for a sum of $400. The organ was installed in a chamber created at the left side of the chancel.

Following are the factory specifications of the Odell organ. The specifications were also recorded by Lynnwood Farnam (1885-1930), noted concert organist of the early 20th century, in one of his "Organ Notebooks." Farnam's entry (p.1468, Mar. 12, 1922), includes these notations:

"Tracker [sic], heavy action. Poorly winded. ORGANIST – Clement Campbell"

               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
4
  Octave
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
2 2/3
  Twelfth
58
8
  Viola di Gamba
58
2
  Fifteenth
58
8
  Grosse Flöte
58
    Mixture, 4 ranks
232
8
  Hohl Flöte
58
8
  Trumpet (harm. treble)
58

     

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
58
4
  Flute Harmonique
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
2
  Flageolet
58
8
  Salicional
58
    Cornet, 3 ranks
174
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Vox Humana
58
8
  Dolce
58
8
  Cornopean (harm. treble)
58
8
  Vox Celestis
58
8
  Oboe
58
4
  Octave
58
       

     

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes
8
  Violin Open Diapason
58
4
  Rohr Flöte
58
8
  Dulciana
58
2
  Piccolo
58
8
  Concert Flute
58
8
  Clarinet
58

     

     
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Bourdon
30
       
               
Couplers
    Swell to Great       Swell to Pedal  
    Swell to Great Octaves     Choir to Pedal  
    Choir to Great       Reversible, Swell to Great
    Swell to Choir       Reversible, Great to Pedal
    Great to Pedal          
               
Pedal Movements
    Pedal Organ Forte     Full Organ Pedal, Great & Swell
    Pedal Organ Piano     Piano Organ Great & Swell
           
Mechanical Accessories
    Swell Tremulant     Wind Indicator
    Bellows Signal     Balance Swell Pedal
               
Odell Patent Pneumatic Compositions (hand pistons)
    Great Organ   Swell Organ
    1. Full Organ   1. Full Choir
    2. Full to Mixture   2. Full to Oboe
    3. Full to Fifteenth   3. Full to Flageolet
    4. Full to Octave   4. Full to Octave
    5. Open, Gamba, & Doppel Flöte [sic]   5. Open, St. Diap., and Salicional
    6. Gamba and Doppel Flöte [sic]   6. Stopped Diapason, and Salicional
    7. Gamba   7. Dolce
    8. Hohl Flöte   8. Flute Traverso
           
Sources:
     Aeolian-Skinner Archives web site. Stoplist of Skinner Organ Company organ, Op. 503 (1924).
     The American Organist (July 1963). Specification of McManis Organ, Op. 53 (1962).
     Bishop, John. Conversation (Feb. 24, 2009) about the rebuilt Casavant Frères organ.
     Church of the Resurrection, New York City. Vestry Minutes (October 1905) regarding purchase of J.H. & C.S. Odell organ, Op. 283 (1890) from All Souls Episcopal Church. Courtesy David Enlow.
     Church of the Resurrection web site: www.resurrectionnyc.org
     The Diapason (June 1963). Specification of McManis organ, Op. 53 (1962). Courtesy Jeff Scofield.
     Dunlap, David. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     Farnam, Lynnwood. "Organ Notebook," p.1468. Specification of J.H. & C.S. Odell organ. John de Lancie Library, The Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia; Sally Branca, Archivist. Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Franck, Brian, and Alan Laufman. "The Organs of the Church of SS. Peter & Paul, Lewiston, Maine," The Tracker (Vol. 36, No. 2, 1992).
     Kinzey, Allen, and Sand Lawn, comps. E.M. Skinner/Aeolian-Skinner Opus List (New Revised Edition). Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1997.
     Organ Clearing House web site: http://www.organclearinghouse.com/
     Organ Dedication Booklet (Feb. 22, 2011). Published by the Church of the Resurrection (2011).
     Organ Historical Society Database: http://database.organsociety.org/index.html
     Trupiano, Larry. Couplers of Skinner Organ Company organ, Op. 503 (1924).
     Trupiano, Larry. Factory Specification for J.H. & C.S. Odell organ, Op. 283 (1890).
     Van Pelt, William T., comp. The Hook Opus List, 1829-1916 in Facsimile. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1991. 

Illustrations:
     Church of the Resurrection web site. Interior showing J.H. & C.S. Odell organ, Op. 283 (1890).
     The Diapason (June 1963). McManis organ, Op. 53 (1962). Courtesy Jeff Scofield.
     Organ Clearing House web site. Console of McManis organ, Op. 53 (1962).
     Stubblebine, Ray. Casavant Frères organ, Op. 665 (1916), reb. Organ Clearing House (2011).
     Wikipedia.com. Exterior.