St. George Episcopal Church - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
Click on images to enlarge
St. George's Church
(Episcopal)

209 East 16th Street at Stuyvesant Square
New York, N.Y. 10003
http://www.calvarystgeorges.org/


Organ Specifications:
209 East 16th Street at Stuyvesant Square (since 1846)
IV/95 M.P. Möller, Inc., Op. 9127 (1958)
IV/135 Austin Organ Company
         Op. 1530 (1928) – Chancel
         
Op. 1549 (1928) – Gallery
IV/77 Cole & Woodberry (1907); reb.
II/23 George Jardine & Son (1884) – Chancel
IV/65 George Jardine & Son (1869) – Gallery
III/37 Thomas Hall (1822) – moved from old church (1867)
• III/45 Henry Erben (1856) – burned with church (1865)
Beekman Street (1749-1846)
III/37 Thomas Hall (1822)
• John Geib (c.1800)

See also the Chapel Organ.


St. George's Episcopal Church is part of the parish of Calvary-St. George's, which has been active in New York since before the Revolutionary War. The church, on Manhattan's lower east side, was the location of Geo. Jardine's most famous organ of the late 19th century. One of America's first unencased instruments, the four-manual organ in the rear gallery featured flared reeds around a clock. The Jardine organ was replaced by an Austin, which in turn yielded to the Möller, designed by Ernest White.
 
  Console of M.P. Möller Organ, Op. 9127 (1957) at St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City (photo: Ken Stein)
   
  M.P. Möller Organ, Op. 9127 (1957) at St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City (photo: Ken Stein)
   
M.P. Möller, Inc.
Hagerstown, Md. – Opus 9127 (1958)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 86 stops, 95 ranks





The present organ in St. George's Church was installed in 1958 by M.P. Möller of Hagerstown, Md., replacing the two 1928 Austin organs that were undoubtedly out of favor with the neo-Baroque tonal ideals of the "Organ Reform Movement" then in full swing. Möller installed the main divisions of the organ at both sides of the chancel, with smaller divisions (including the two Pedal 32' stops) in the rear gallery.

As reported in The New York Times (Sept. 20, 1958), the new organ cost $125,000, and was dedicated at 10:30 A.M. on Sunday, September 21, 1958, with a litany led by the Rev. Edward O. Miller, the rector, in place of the regular sermon. The Times continued:
"Constructed with the aid of written suggestions from Dr. Albert Schweitzer, many of the new instrument's pipes have been placed along the walls of the church and above and behind the choir stalls. A new trend in organ building, this approach is said to place the instrument in a more favorable acoustical location.
"The St. George's organ has eighty-eight stops, ninety-five ranks and 5,373 indivisual pipes. ...
"Charles N. Henderson, organist and choirmaster at the church, hailed the new instrument as a 'landmark among American church organs, continuing St. George's long tradition as a leader in the field of music.' "
               
CHANCEL ORGAN
     
       
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Quintaton
61
2 2/3
  Sesquialtera II ranks
122
8
  Principal
61
    Fourniture IV ranks
244
8
  Bourdon
61
 
  Cornet II ranks
122
4
  Octave
61
 
  Scharf III ranks
183
4
  Rohrflöte
61
 
  Tremulant  
2 2/3
  Quint
61
 
  Great Unison Off  
2
  Doublette
61
       
     
       
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Flute conique
61
    Plein Jeu III ranks
183
8
  Flute à chiminée
61
    Cymbale II ranks
122
8
  Viole de Gambe
61
16
  Fagot
61
8
  Viole Céleste
61
8
  Trompette
61
8
  Flauto Dolce
61
8
  Musette
61
8
  Flauto Dolce Celeste
61
4
  Hautbois
61
4
  Prestant
61
    Tremulant  
4
  Flute ouverte
61
    Swell to Swell 16'  
2 2/3
  Nazard
61

  Swell Unison Off  
2
  Octavin       Swell to Swell 4'  
1 3/5
  Tierce          
     
       
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Erzähler [unit]
73
16
  Rohrschalmei
61
8
  Gedeckt
61
8
  Krummhorn
61
8
  Viola
61
4
  Oboe Schalmei
61
8
  Erzähler
    Tremulant  
8
  Erzähler Celeste
61
   
Chimes
21 tubes
4
  Principal
61

 
Harp
49 bars
4
  Koppelflöte
61

 
Choir to Choir 16'
 
2
  Oktav
61

 
Choir Unison Off
 
    Scharf III ranks
183
    Choir to Choir 4'  
    Zimbel II ranks
122
       
     
       
Positiv Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes
8
  Quintflöte
61
1 1/3
  Quint
61
4
  Prinzipal
61
1
  Prinzipal
61
4
  Rohrflöte
61
    Acuta III ranks
183
2 2/3
  Nasat
61

  Tremulant  
2
  Blockflöte
61

  Positiv to Positiv 16'  
1 3/5
  Terz
61
    Positiv Unison Off  
     
       
Chancel Pedal Organ – 32 notes
16
  Violone
32
4
  Nachthorn [unit]
44
16
  Bourdon
32
2
  Octavin
32
16
  Quintaton
GT
2
  Nachthorn
16
  Flute conique
SW
 
  Mixture III ranks
96
16
  Erzähler
CH
 
  Harmonics III ranks
96
8
  Principal
32
16
  Trumpet [unit]
56
8
  Bourdon
32
16
  Fagot
SW
8
  Flute conique
SW
8
  Trumpet
8
  Erzähler
CH
4
  Trumpet
4
  Octave
32

     
     
       
GALLERY ORGAN
     
       
Gallery I Organ – 61 notes
8
  Principal
61
2
  Octavin
61
4
  Octave
61

  Mixture IV ranks
244
2 2/3
  Quint
61

     
     
       
Gallery II Organ – 61 notes

  Harmonics IV ranks
244
8
  Trompette harmonique
61
16
  Bombarde
61
4
  Clairon harmonique
61
     
       
Gallery Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Bourdon [unit]
56
4
  Octave
16
  Bourdon
32
  Bombarde [unit]
56
8
  Principal [unit]
44
16
  Bombarde
8
  Bourdon
8
  Bombarde
               
Couplers
    Great to Pedal 8'   Positiv to Swell 8'
    Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Gallerly I to Swell 8'
    Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Gallery II to Swell 8'
    Positiv to Pedal 8'   Great to Choir 8'
    Gallery I to Pedal 8'   Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Gallery II to Pedal 8'   Positiv to Choir 16', 8'
    Swell to Great 8'   Gallery I to Choir 8'
    Choir to Great 8'   Gallery II to Choir 8'
    Positiv to Great 16', 8'   Great to Positiv 8'
    Gallery I to Great 8'   Swell to Positiv 8'
    Gallery II to Great 8'   Choir to Positiv 8'
    Great to Swell 8'    
               
Adjustable Combinations
   
Chancel Great Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Chancel Swell Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Chancel Choir Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Chancel Positiv Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Chancel Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb & toe)
Gallery I Pistons 1-2-3 (thumb)
Gallery II Pistons 1-2-3 (thumb)
Gallery Pedal Pistons 1-2-3-4 (thumb & toe)
Generals Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10 (thumb & toe)
  General Cancel (thumb)
  Setter (thumb)
               
Reversibles
    Great to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Gallery II to Pedal (thumb & toe)
    Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Ped. 32' Bourdon (thumb & toe)
    Choir to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Ped. 32' Bombarde (thumb & toe)
    Positiv to Pedal (thumb & toe)   Full Organ (thumb & toe)
    Gallery I to Pedal (thumb & toe)    
               
On or Offs
    Chancel Pedal   Gallery Organ
    Gallery Pedal   Gallery I
    Chancel Organ   Gallery II
               
Expression
    Balanced Swell Pedal      
    Balanced Choir Pedal      
    Crescendo Pedal      
               
   

St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City (photo: M.P. Möller, Inc.)

  St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City (photo: M.P. Möller, Inc.)
           

Austin Organ, Op. 1530 (1928) at St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City
  Gallery Case, Austin Op. 1549
Austin Organ Company
Hartford, Conn.
Chancel Organ: Opus 1530 (1928)
Gallery Organ: Opus 1549 (1928)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 157 stops, 135 ranks




Two contracts were awarded in 1927 to the Austin Organ Company for a divided organ which would replace the two George Jardine & Sons organs of 1869 and 1884. The Chancel Organ, opus 1530, cost $24,350 and was a memorial to Cornelia Garrison Chapin and Martha Anne Leavitt; and the Gallery Organ, opus 1549, cost $54,650 and was given by the Morgan family in memory of John Pierpont and Frances Tracy Morgan. Both organs were controlled by one four-manual console, located in the chancel. Austin's design for the Gallery case incorporated the famous radiating trumpets from the 1869 George Jardine & Son organ which it replaced. Fernando Germani, organist at St. Peter's Basilica in Rome, gave the inaugural recitals on December 19 and 26, 1928.
     
       
CHANCEL ORGAN
     
       
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Violone *
61
8
  Violoncello
61
8
  Open Diapason 1
61
8
  Octave
61
8
  Open Diapason 2
61
8
  Waldflöte
61
8
  Melodia
61
 
  Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Gemshorn
61
8
  Tuba Harmonic
61
8
  Grossflöte
61
 
 
* unenclosed
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
73
2 2/3
  Super Quint Viole *
61
8
  Open Diapason
73
2
  Super Octave Viole *
61
8
  Clarabella
73
1 3/5
  Tierce Viole *
61
8
  Gedeckt
73
 
  Mixture V ranks [draws * stops]
8
  Salicional
73
16
  Contra Fagotto
73
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
73
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Viole Celeste
73
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Aeoline
73
8
  Corno d'Amore
73
8
  Unda Maris
73
8
  Vox Humana
73
5 1/3
  Quint *
61
4
  Clarion
73
4
  Orchestral Flute
73
    Tremolo  
4
  Violina *
61
       
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  English Diapason
73
8
  Quintadena
73
8
  Concert Flute
73
8
  Flute d'Amour
73
8
  Flute Celeste
73
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
8
  Dulciana
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Vox Angelica
73
    Tremolo  
               
Chancel Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Resultant Diapason [wood]
8
  Octave
32
  Resultant Violone [wood]
8
  Violoncello
16
  Open Diapason [unit]
44
8
  Dolce Flute
16
  Violone [unit]
44
16
  Tuba Profunda [ext. GT]
12
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
16
  Contra Fagotto
SW
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW

     
               
GALLERY ORGAN
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
61
4
  Harmonic Flute
61
16
  Bourdon
61
2 2/3
  Twelfth
61
8
  Open Diapason 1
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Open Diapason 2
61
    Mixture VI ranks *
61
8
  Open Diapason 3 *
61
16
  Double Trumpet
61
8
  Doppelflöte
61
8
  Tromba
61
8
  Viola d'Gamba
61
4
  Clarion
61
8
  Gemshorn
61
    String Organ  
4
  Octave
61
   
* enclosed
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Melodia
73
4
  Violina
73
8
  Open Diapason
73
2
  Flageolet
61
8
  Stopped Flute
73
    Mixture V ranks
305
8
  Hohlflöte
73
    Dolce Cornet III ranks
183
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
73
16
  Contra Posaune
73
8
  Viole Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Posaune
73
8
  Vox Seraphique
73
8
  French Trumpet
73
4
  Octave
73
4
  Clarion
61
4
  Orchestral Flute
73
    Tremolo  
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
 16
  Contra Gamba
73
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Violin Diapason
73
1 1/7
  Septieme
61
8
  Concert Flute
73
8
  Saxophone
73
8
  Flute Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Cor Anglais
73
8
  Spitzflöte
73
8
  Vox Humana
61
8
  Viola
73
    Tremolo  
4
  Chimney Flute
73
(8)
 
Harp [TC]
61 bars
2
  Piccolo
61
(4)
  Celesta [from Harp]
2 2/3
  Nazard
61
8
  Tuba
SO
2
  Fifteenth
61
       
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Stentorphone
73
8
  Tuba Mirabilis
73
8
  Philomela
73
8
  Tuba
73
8
  Gross Gamba
73
8
  French Horn
73
8
  Gamba Celeste
73
4
  Clarion
61
4
  Doppelflöte
73
    Tremolo  
16
  Ophicleide
73
       
               
String Organ (floating) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  String No. 1
73
2 2/3
  Nazard [repl. by 8' Dulciana]
61
8
  String No. 2
73
2
  Flautino
61
8
  String No. 3
73
1 3/5
  Tierce [repl. by 8' Unda Maris]
61
5 1/3
  Quint [repl. by String No. 4]
73
8
  Vox Humana
73
4
  Quintadena
73
    Tremolo  
4
  Salicet
73
       
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Double Open Diapason [unit]
68
8
  Octave
32
  Resultant Diapason
8
  Violoncello
32
  Resultant Violone
8
  Gedeckt
32
  Contra Bourdon
32
8
  Flute
SW
16
  Open Diapason 1
32
4
  Super Octave
16
  Open Diapason 2 [ext. 32']
    Mixture III ranks
96
16
  Open Diapason 3
GT
32
  Contra Bombarde [unit]
44
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
16
  Trombone [unit]
56
16
  Violone [unit]
44
16
  Posaune
SW
16
  Gamba
CH
16
  Bombarde
16
  Melodia
SW
8
  Tromba
10 2/3
  Quint
4
  Clarion
               
Austin Organ Console, Op. 1530 (1928) at St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City (The Diapason)
Austin Organ, Op. 1530 (1928) at St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City
         
Cole & Woodberry
Boston, Mass. – Opus 241 (1907)
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manuals, 72 stops, 77 ranks


Cole & Woodberry of Boston rebuilt the Jardine organs in 1904, 1907, and 1910. Following is the specification in 1907.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes
    Gallery       Chancel  
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
8
  Grand Open Diapason
58
8
  English Open Diapason
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Gamba
58
8
  Gamba
58
8
  Doppel Flute
58
4
  Geigen Principal
58
8
  Clarabella
58
2 2/3
  Twelfth
58
4
  Principal
58
2
  Fifteenth
58
4
  Harmonic Flute
58
    Mixture, 4 ranks
232
8
  Trumpet
58
8
  Trumpet
58
       
4
  Clarion
58
       
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
    Gallery       Chancel  
16
  Bourdon
58
16
  Bourdon
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Clariana
58
8
  Viole d'Gamba
58
8
  Dolce
58
8
  Voix Celeste
58
4
  Principal
58
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
58
4
  Echo Flute
58
8
  Dulciana
58
2
  Piccolo
58
4
  Principal
58
    Cymbal, 3 ranks
174
8
  Oboe
58
8
  Cornopean
58
    Tremolo  
8
  Posaune
58
       
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes, enclosed (Gallery)
16
  Bourdon
58
4
  Violina
58
8
  Gamba
58
4
  Vienna Flute
58
8
  Lieblich Gedeckt
58
2
  Piccolo
58
8
  Dulciana
58
8
  Bassoon
58
8
  Voix Celeste
58
8
  Cremona
58
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 58 notes (Gallery)
8
  Doppel Flute
58
4
  Harmonic Flute
58
8
  Vox Angelica
58
8
  Tuba
58
4
  Gemshorn
58
8
  French Horn
58
               
Echo Organ – 58 notes
16
  Pedal Bourdon
30
8
  Viol d'Orchestre
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
8
  Vox Humana
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
    Echo Tremolo  
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
    Gallery       Chancel  
32
  Open Diapason
30
16
  Open Diapason
30
16
  Open Diapason
30
16
  Bourdon
30
16
  Bourdon
30
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
30
16
  Violone
30
8
  Violoncello
30
8
  Violoncello
30
       
4
  Octave
30
       
16
  Trombone
30
       
               
Couplers
    Gallery (tilting tablets)       Chancel  
    Ventil On Off       Swell on  
    Swell to Great       Great on  
    Choir to Great       Pedal on  
    Solo to Great          
    Swell to Choir          
    Swell to Pedal          
    Great to Pedal          
    Choir to Pedal          
    Solo to Pedal          
               
Combinations
    Four combinations (pistons) affecting Great Organ
    Four combinations (pistons) affecting Swell Organ
    Three combinations (pistons) affecting Choir Organ
    Three combinations (pistons) affecting Solo Organ
               
Pedal Movements
    Great Piano   Great to Pedal Reversible
    Great Forte   Balanced Swell Pedal
    Swell Forte   Balanced Choir Pedal
    Swell Piano    
               
Mechanicals
    Crescendo Indicator   Wind Indicator
         
  1909 photo showing Jardine Organ (1884) in chancel of St. George's Episcopal Church - New York City (Photo: A. Moore, from Library of Congress)
  1909 photo showing Jardine Chancel Organ
Chancel Organ

George Jardine & Son
New York City (1884)
Electro-pneumatic action
2 manuals, 21 stops, 23 ranks


In 1883, the church decided to move the choir from the gallery to the chancel. Jardine was contracted to build a chancel organ and to electrically connect it to the gallery organ. At the same time, Jardine made alterations to the gallery organ.
               
Great Organ – 58 notes
16
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Principal
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Flute Harmonique
58
8
  Doppel Flöte
58
    Mixture, 2 ranks
116
8
  Melodia
58
8
  Trumpet
58
8
  Bell Gamba
58
       
               
Swell Organ – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
58
4
  Principal
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
2
  Flageolet
58
8
  Dulciana
58
    Cornet, 2 ranks
116
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Oboe
58
8
  Salicional
58
       
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
16
  Open Diapason
30
16
  Violone
30
16
  Bourdon
30
       
         
  Jardine & Son Organ (1869) in Gallery of St. George's Church - New York City
Gallery Organ

George Jardine & Son

New York City (1869)
Mechanical action
Changed to electro-pneumatic action (1886)
4 manuals, 53 stops, 65 ranks


Following the fire of 1865, St. George's Church was rebuilt and opened in 1867. A contract for a new gallery organ was awarded to Geo. Jardine & Son, and the organ was completed in 1869. The organ cost about $12,000 with a $1,500 allowance for the old Hall organ. Leopold Eidlitz, architect of the church, also designed the unencased display of pipes, which were richly painted and stencilled.

Jardine & Son Organ (1869) in Gallery of St. George's Church - New York City  
The casework was built by the Herter Brothers under a separate contract. At the centerpiece was a clock face from which radiated flared reed resonators of the Tuba Mirabilas. Other Jardine organs or the era featured a similar pipe display, but St. George's organ is arguably the most famous example of this trend-setting decorative style. Jardine built an amphitheatre-style console in which the stops were "arranged in a semi-circular method, bringing them within easy reach of the organist."

The organ was winded by water power: when the organist turned a valve at the console, water would travel by gravity from a 10,000 gallon tank in one of the towers, through the feeders, and into a similar-sized tank in the tower's basement. An engineer would then engage a steam engine as required to pump the water back up to the tank in the tower. George W. Morgan exhibited the organ on December 30, 1869.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
58
4
  Geigen Principal
58
8
  Grand Open Diapason
58
3
  Twelfth
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
2
  Fifteenth
58
8
  Gamba
58
    Mixture, 3 ranks
174
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
    Sesquialtera, 4 ranks
232
6
  Gross Quint
58
8
  Trumpet
58
4
  Grand Principal
58
4
  Clarion
58
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 58 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
58
    Cornet, 3 ranks
174
8
  Open Diapason
58
    Cymbal, 4 ranks
232
8
  Dolce
58
8
  Cornopean
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Posaune
58
8
  Clariana
58
8
  Hautboy
58
4
  Echo Flute
58
8
  Vox Humana
58
4
  Principal
58
    Tremulant  
2
  Piccolo
58
       
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes
16
  Bourdon
58
4
  Vienna Flute
58
8
  Dulciana
58
4
  Violino
58
8
  Viol di Gamba
58
2
  Piccolo
58
8
  Vox Celestis
58
8
  Cremona
58
8
  Lieblich Gedeckt
58
8
  Campanella (bells)  
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 58 notes
8
  Doppel Flute
58
2
  Gemshorn
58
8
  Vox Angelica
58
8
  Tuba
58
4
  Flute Harmonic
58
8
  French Horn
58
4
  Quintaton
58
       
               
Pedal Organ – 30 notes
32
  Double Open Diapason
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Open Diapason
30
4
  Octave
30
16
  Violon
30
    Sesquialtera, 3 ranks
90
16
  Contra Bass
30
16
  Trombone
30
12
  Gross Quint
30
       
               
Mechanicals
    Six couplers   Sforzando Pedal
    Six combination knobs   Bellows Signal
    Five composition pedals   [Swell Pedal]
         
Organ in second St. George's Church at Stuyvesant Square:

Thomas Hall
New York City (1822) – moved to present church (1867)
Mechanical action
3 manuals, 28 stops, 37 ranks


This organ was originally built in 1822 for St. George's Church on Beekman Street, and remained there for use by it new occupants, the Church of the Holy Evangelists, when St. George's moved in 1848 to its building on Stuyvesant Square. The Church of the Holy Evangelists dissolved in 1860, and the Hall organ and church bell reverted to St. George's Church. Following the 1865 fire which destroyed St. George's and its 1856 Erben organ, St. George's rebuilt their church and moved the 1822 Hall organ to serve as a temporary organ until the new Jardine organ could be built.
               
Great Organ
16
  Double Open Diapason  
2
  Fifteenth  
8
  Open Diapason       Sesquialtera, 3 ranks  
8
  Stop Diapason       Cornet, 5 ranks [mounted]  
4
  Principal  
8
  Trumpet  
3
  Twelfth  
4
  Clarion  
               
Swell Organ
16
  Double Stop Diapason  
4
  Night Horn  
8
  Open Diapason       Cornet, 4 ranks  
8
  Stop Diapason  
8
  Trumpet  
8
  Viol di Gamba  
8
  Hautboy  
4
  Principal       Trimland [sic]  
               
Choir Organ
8
  Dulceano  
4
  Flute  
8
  Stop Diapason  
2
  Fifteenth  
4
  Principal  
8
  Bassoon  
               
Pedals
      Coupler
16
  Double Open Diapason       Coupling Stopp  
16
  Stop Diapason          
8
  Principal          
           
Organ in first St. George's Church at Stuyvesant Square:

Henry Erben
New York City (1856)
Mechanical action
3 manuals, 45 stops


An organ was built by Henry Erben in 1856 for the original St. George's Church at Stuyvesant Square. The 1861 American Musical Directory stated that the organ had "3 banks keys, 45 stops, 2½ octaves pedals." Specifications for this organ have not yet been located.

This organ and the church were destroyed by fire in 1865.
           
Organ in first St. George's Church on Beekman Street:

Thomas Hall
New York City (1822)
Mechanical action
3 manuals, 28 stops, 37 ranks


Thomas Hall built this organ for St. George's Church on Beekman Street. The organ cost $3,000 and had a mahogany case 14 feet wide, 8 feet deep, and 24 feet high with gilded front pipes. This was a "G" organ with a Swell organ to "fiddle G". The Hall organ remained in its original location for use by it new occupants, the Church of the Holy Evangelists, when St. George's moved in 1848 to its building on Stuyvesant Square. The Church of the Holy Evangelists dissolved in 1860, and the Hall organ and church bell reverted to St. George's Church. This organ was later moved, in 1867, to the rebuilt St. George's Church at Stuyvesant Square. See entry above.
               
Great Organ
16
  Double Open Diapason  
2
  Fifteenth  
8
  Open Diapason       Sesquialtera, 3 ranks  
8
  Stop Diapason       Cornet, 5 ranks [mounted]  
4
  Principal  
8
  Trumpet  
3
  Twelfth  
4
  Clarion  
               
Swell Organ
16
  Double Stop Diapason  
4
  Night Horn  
8
  Open Diapason       Cornet, 4 ranks  
8
  Stop Diapason  
8
  Trumpet  
8
  Viol di Gamba  
8
  Hautboy  
4
  Principal       Trimland [sic]  
               
Choir Organ
8
  Dulceano  
4
  Flute  
8
  Stop Diapason  
2
  Fifteenth  
4
  Principal  
8
  Bassoon  
               
Pedals
      Coupler
16
  Double Open Diapason       Coupling Stopp  
16
  Stop Diapason          
8
  Principal          
           
Earlier organ at Beekman Street location:

John Geib
New York City (ca. 1800)
Mechanical action


No stoplist of this organ is known to exist. The church and organ were destroyed by fire on January 5, 1814.
           
Sources:
     "A Large Organ," The New York Times (Dec. 30, 1869). Specifications of George Jardine & Son Organ (1869).
     American Musical Directory. New York: Thomas Hutchinson, 1861.
     American Organ Archives, Organ Historical Society, Princeton, N.J. Specifications of J. Woodberry & Co. organ, Op. 241 (1907). Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     The American Organist (Feb. 1959). Specifications of M.P. Möller Organ, Op. 9127 (1958).
     Blanchard, Homer D. "The Organ in the United States: A Study in Design." Specifications of Geo. Jardine & Son Organ (1869). The Bicentennial Tracker. Richmond: Organ Historical Society, Inc., 1976.
     Blanton, Joseph E. The Organ in Church Design. Albany: Venture Press, 1957.
     Cameron, Peter T. "A Chronology of the Organ Builders Working in New York City", The Bicentennial Tracker. Richmond: Organ Historical Society, Inc., 1976.
     Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     Ochse, Orpha. "A Glimpse of the 1860s," The American Organist (Nov. 1969).
     Ochse, Orpha. Austin Organs. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 2001.
     Ogasapian, John. Organ Building in New York City: 1700-1900. Braintree: The Organ Literature Foundation, 1977.
     Robinson, Albert F. "Historic American Organ Builders, Part VII," Music / The A.G.O.-R.C.C.O Magazine, July 1976.
     "St. George's Rite to Accept Organ," The New York Times (Sept. 20, 1958). Courtesy Sebastian Glück.
     Scofield, Jeff. Specifications of Austin organs, Op. 1530 (1928) and Op. 1549 (1928).
     Scofield, Jeff. Specifications of M.P. Möller Organ, Op. 9127 (1958).
     Trupiano, Larry. Console details (couplers, pedal movements, etc.) of Cole & Woodberry organ (1907).

Illustrations:
     Music / The A.G.O.-R.C.C.O Magazine (July 1976). George Jardine & Son Organ (1869) in the gallery.
     Blanton, Joseph E. The Organ in Church Design. Austin Organ, Op. 1530 (1928) and Op. 1549 (1928); George Jardine & Son Organs (1869 and 1884).
     Lawson, Steven E. Exterior.
     Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Online. 1909 interior (A. Moore, photographer)
     M.P. Möller, Inc. Brochure. B&W photos of interior. Courtesy Jeff Scofield.
     Stein, Ken. Console of M.P. Möller Organ, Op. 9127 (1957); church interior.