St. Martin's Episcopal Church - New York City

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St. Martin Episcopal Church

230 Malcolm X Boulevard (Lenox Avenue) at 122nd Street
New York, N.Y. 10027


Organ Specifications:
IV/46 Ernest M. Skinner & Son, Op. 653 (1940)
II/39 Estey Organ Company, Op. 2765 (1928)
 
St. Martin's Episcopal Church was designed by William A. Potter and was built from 1887-89 as Holy Trinity Protestant Episcopal Church of Harlem. The Landmarks Preservation Commission named this granite structure "undoubtedly the handsomest example" of the Romanesque Revival architectural style in all of Manhattan. Two fires, the latest in 1939, caused extensive damage to the building, leaving only the stone walls standing, but the strong resolve of the congregation saw to it that their church was rebuilt. In the late 1940's, the members of the church commissioned the manufacture and installation of a 42-bell carillon in the tower. This largest of percussion instruments, manufactured in the Netherlands and installed in 1949, is the second largest in New York City, after the carillon at the Riverside Church. Concerts on the carillon are featured each June as part of the Mount Morris Park Historic House Tour. The church involves itself with the secular side of neighborhood life as well — the St. Martin's Federal Credit Union is the oldest such institution affiliated with a church. The Credit Union was founded in 1937 by Reverend John H. Johnson to make it possible for African-Americans to obtain mortgages and acquire real property, thus empowering them in a segregated society.
 
  Austin Console of the E.M. Skinner Organ, Op. 653 (1927, 1940) at St. Martin Episcopal Church in New York City
Ernest M. Skinner & Son Company
Methuen, Mass. – Op. 653 (1940)
Electropneumatic stop and chest action
4 manuals, 53 stops, 46 ranks, 2,988 pipes


The organ in St. Martin's Church was originally built by E.M. Skinner in 1927 as Op. 653 for St. John's Church, Lafayette Square, Washington, D.C. It was purchased by St. Martin's Church in 1940 and moved by the Ernest M. Skinner & Son Company of Methuen, Mass. At some point, a second-hand three-manual Austin console replaced the original Skinner console.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Bourdon [Ped. ext.]
17
4
  Flute
61
8
  First Diapason
61
2
  Fifteenth
61
8
  Second Diapason
61
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Waldflöte
61
8
  Tromba
61
4
  Octave
61
    Chimes
SO

 

 

     
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
73
2
  Piccolo
61
8
  Diapason
73
    Mixture V ranks
305
8
  Gedeckt
73
16
  Waldhorn
73
8
  Salicional
73
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Voix Celeste
73
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Flute Celeste II ranks
134
8
  Vox Humana
73
4
  Octave
73
4
  Clarion
73
4
  Flute Triangulaire
73
    Tremolo  

 

 

     
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Dulciana [unit]
73
2
  Fifteenth [ext.]
8
  Concert Flute
73
1 3/5
  Tierce [ext.]
8
  Gamba
73
1 1/7
  Septieme [ext.]
8
  Dulciana
73
8
  Clarinet
73
4
  Gemshorn [unit]
85
8
  Harp [TC]
4
  Flute Harmonique
73
4
 
Celesta
61 bars
2 2/3
  Nazard [ext.]
    Tremolo

     

     
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Orchestral Flute
PED
8
  French Horn
73
8
  Gamba
73
8
  English Horn
73
8
  Gamba Celeste
73
8
 
Chimes
25 tubes
8
  Tuba
73
    Tremolo  

     

     
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Diapason [Resultant]
8
  Still Gedeckt
SW
16
  Major Bass
32
8
  Flute [ext.]
12
16
  Bourdon
32
16
  Trombone
32
16
  Dulciana
CH
16
  Waldhorn
SW
16
  Echo Lieblich
SW
8
  Tromba [from Waldhorn]
SW
8
  Octave [ext.]
12
    Chimes
SO
8
  Gedeckt [ext.]
12
       
 
Estey Organ Company
Brattleboro, Vt. – Opus 2765 (1928)
Electro-pneumatic key action
3 manuals, 53 stops, 39 ranks


This organ was originally Estey's Op. 1690 (1919), but in 1928 the organ was rebuilt and sold to St. Martin's Church as Op. 2765.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed
8
  Open Diapason *
73
4
  Octave
73
8
  Gross Flute *
73
4
  Wald Flute [Melodia]
8
  Tibia Clausa
73
2 2/3
  Twelfth [Octave]
8
  Melodia
73
2
  Fifteenth [Octave]
8
  Gamba *
73
8
  Tuba
73
8
  Gemshorn *
73
8
  French Trumpet
73
8
  Gemshorn Celeste [TC]
61
   
Chimes F *
30 notes
4
  Flute Harmonic
73
    Chimes P *
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon [unit]
97
2
  Flautino [Bdn.]
8
  English Diapason *
73
    Dolce Cornet III ranks
183
8
  Stopped Diapason [Bdn.]
16
  Double Trumpet
85
8
  Silver Flute
73
8
  Cornopean [Dbl. Tpt] *
8
  Viol d'Orchestre *
73
4
  Clarion [Dbl. Tpt] *
8
  Salicional *
73
8
  Oboe *
73
8
  Voix Celeste [TC] *
61
8
  French Horn
73
8
  Aeoline
73
8
  Vox Humana *
73
8
  Quintadena
73
   
Harp *
49 notes
4
  Flute d'Amour [Bdn.]
       
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Contra Viol
85
8
  Dulciana
73
8
  Clarabella *
73
4
  Flauto Traverso *
73
8
  Unda Maris [TC] *
61
2
  Piccolo [Fl. Trav.] *
8
  Spitz Flute
73
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
8
  Spitz Flute Celeste [Gem.Cel.]
GT
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Viol
8
  Saxophone *
73
8
  Viol Celeste
61
8
  Muted Viol *
73
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason *
32
8
  Dolce Flute
SW
16
  Bourdon *
32
8
  Cello *
CH
16
  Bass Viol *
CH
16
  Double Trumpet
SW
16
  Gedeckt
SW
       
           
* ranks retained from Estey Op. 1690 (1919)
   
Sources:
     Aeolian-Skinner Archives web site: http://aeolian-skinner.110mb.com/
     Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     The Estey Pipe Organ web site: www.esteyorgan.com
     Holden, Dorothy. The Life and Work of Ernest M. Skinner. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1987, pp.193, 280-81.
     Lewis, James. Stoplist of Estey Organ, Op. 2765 (1928).
     New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission Designation Report, 1970, page 3.

Illustrations:
     Schmauch, David. Austin console on E.M. Skinner Organ, Op. 653 (1927).