St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City (Photo: Mike Baker - www.bakerlite.co.uk)
Click on images to enlarge
Cathedral of Saint Patrick
(Roman Catholic)

Fifth Avenue at 51st Street
New York, N.Y. 10022
http://www.saintpatrickscathedral.org


Organ Specifications:
Fifth Avenue at 51st Street (since 1879)
V/142 Geo. Kilgen & Son (1928-30); rev. Paragallo (1993)
IV/114 Geo. Kilgen & Son, Op. 5918 (1930) – Gallery and Echo
III/23 Geo. Kilgen & Son, Op. 3920 (1928) – Chancel
II/23 J.H. & C.S. Odell, Op. 175 (1880) – Chancel
IV/56 George Jardine & Son (1879) – Gallery
290 Mulberry Street (1809-1879)
Present building (since 1868) – See Old St. Patrick's Cathedral
III/46 Henry Erben (1866-68)
First building (1809-burned 1866)
• Henry Erben (1852)
• Hall & Erben (1824)
           
Engraving of Old St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City  
Original Cathedral  
The original St. Patrick's Cathedral, located at 260 Mulberry Street, was built between 1809-1815 on land used as the cemetery of St. Peter's Church. The cathedral's Irish Catholic parishioners were often at odds with local agitators. In 1836, a mob attempted to ransack the cathedral, but defenders cut holes in the wall for their muskets and posted sentries outside, successfully thwarting damage to the cathedral. Although the cathedral was then the largest religious structure in the city, Archbishop John J. Hughes envisioned a new and grander cathedral uptown, to serve as a "public architectural monument of the present and prospective greatness of this metropolis." In 1852, land was purchased far uptown on the relatively-uninhabited Fifth Avenue, and the cornerstone for a new cathedral was laid in 1858 by Archbishop Hughes. Meanwhile, a fire in 1866 caused great damage to the original cathedral, but it was rebuilt and rededicated in 1868. Construction on the new cathedral ground to a halt during the years of the Civil War (c.1860-65), but Archbishop John McCloskey (who in 1875 became the first American Cardinal) resumed work in 1865. Upon the consecration of the new cathedral in 1879, the old cathedral became a parish church and is known today as "Old St. Patrick's Cathedral".

  Interior - St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City
The new cathedral's twin-towered Gothic design, by James Renwick Jr., and William Rodrigue, Archbishop Hughes' brother-in-law, was influenced by Cologne Cathedral, which was being completed after a hiatus of several centuries. Archbishop Michael Corrigan added the towers on the West Front in 1888 and began work on the east addition, including the Lady Chapel, as designed by Charles Mathews, in 1901. Cardinal Hayes completed an extensive renovation of the interior between 1927 and 1931 when the great organ was installed and the sanctuary was enlarged.
         
  Grand Gallery Organ Case - Kilgen, Op. 3920 (1929) - St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
Geo. Kilgen & Son
St. Louis, Mo.
Gallery Organ – Opus 5918 (1930); rev. Peragallo (1993)
Chancel Organ – Opus 3920 (1928); rev. Peragallo (1993)
Electro-pneumatic action
Twin 5-manual drawknob consoles, 206 stops, 142 ranks






Grand Gallery Organ Case - Kilgen, Op. 3920 (1929) - St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City (Photo: David Garvey; used by permission)  
Gallery Organ Case  
In 1993, after more than 60 years of daily use, a complete refurbishing of the Gallery and Chancel organs was begun. First, two identical five-manual drawknob consoles were constructed and installed in 1993 by Robert M. Turner Organs of Hacienda Heights, Calif. Next, wood craftsmen cleaned, repaired and oiled the hand-carved organ façade. Paragallo Pipe Organ Company of Paterson, N.J., was awarded the contract to clean and restore all of the pipework, as well as the chests and wind systems. The façade pipes were returned to their original finish, with a protective coating added to prevent oxidation. Finally, the Echo Organ, situated in the south triforium near the crossing, underwent tonal modifications, including the addition of a new principal chorus and a solo trumpet stop; it is now called the Nave Organ. Both organs can be played together or separately from either five-manual console.
               
GRAND GALLERY ORGAN
               
Gallery Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes (6" pressure; 8" reeds)
16
  Diapason [unit]
85
2
  Fifteenth
61
16
  Violone
61
2
  Claribel Flute
8
  First Diapason
61
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
8
  Second Diapason
1 1/3
  Larigot
61
8
  Violoncello
61
  Fourniture V ranks
305
8
  Viola Sorda
61
  Cymbale IV ranks
244
8
  Gemshorn
61
16
  Posaune
61
8
  Flute Harmonique +
73
8
  Trompette
61
8
  Bourdon
61
8
  Trumpet [unit]
73
5 1/3
  Gross Quinte
61
4
  Clarion [Tpt.]
4
  Principal
61
    Chimes
SO
4
  Octave
    Great Sub  
4
  Flute Octaviante [Fl.Harm.] +
    Great Unison Off  
4
  Clarabella [unit]
73
    Great Super  
4
  Erzähler
    String Organ  
2 2/3
  Quinte
61
       
               
Gallery Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure; 8" reeds)
16
  Salicional [unit]
97
2
  Super Octave
61
16
  Bourdon [unit]
97
1 1/3
  Larigot
61
8
  Diapason [unit]
73
  Fourniture V ranks
305
8
  Violin Diapason
73
    Cymbale III ranks
183
8
  Viola da Gamba
73
16
  Contra Fagotto
73
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
73
8
  Trompette
73
8
  Viole Celeste
73
8
  Corno di Bassetto
73
8
  Flute Harmonique
73
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Clarinet Flute [Bdn.]
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Salicional
4
  Clarion
73
8
  Voix Celeste [TC]
49
    Tremolo  
4
  Prestant
61
    Swell Sub  
4
  Octave [Diap.]
    Swell Unison Off  
4
  Forest Flute [Bdn.]
73
    Swell Super  
4
  Dolce Flute
61
    String Organ  
4
  Salicet
8
  Trompette en Chamade
SO
               
Gallery Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure; 8" reeds)
16
  Contra Viola [unit]
85
4
  Violetta
16
  Quintaton [unit]
85
2
  Super Viola
8
  Diapason
73
2
  Piccolo [Con. Fl.]
8
  Geigen Diapason
73
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Doppelflöte
61
8
  Schalmei
61
8
  Gamba
73
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
8
  Viola
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Concert Flute [unit]
85
    Tremolo
73
8
  Flute Celeste [TC]
61
    Harp +
digital
8
  Quintadena
    Celesta +
digital
8
  Cor de Nuit
73
    Choir Sub  
8
  Cor de Nuit Celeste [TC]
61
    Choir Unison Off  
4
  Fugara
73
    Choir Super  
4
  Flauto Traverso [Con. Fl.]
    String Organ  
4
  Rohrflöte
61
8
  Trompette en Chamade
SO
               
Gallery Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed (10" pressure; 20" reeds)
16
  Contra Gamba [unit]
85
8
  English Horn
73
8
  Stentorphone
73
4
  Tuba Clarion
8
  Solo Flute
73
    Tremolo  
8
  Gross Gamba
   
Chimes
25 tubes
8
  Gamba Celeste [TC]
61
   
Harp
CH
4
  Octave
73
    Celesta
CH
4
  Flute Ouverte [Solo Fl.]
    Solo Sub  
1 3/5
  Tierce
61
   
Solo Unison Off
 
    Mixture III ranks
183
    Solo Super  
16
  Tuba Profunda [unit]
97
    String Organ  
8
  Trompette
73
8
  Trompette en Chamade *
61
8
  Tuba
8
  Triforium Trumpet
NV
8
  French Horn
73
   
* unenclosed, 33" pressure
               
Gallery String Organ (floating) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure)
16
  Contra Salicional [unit]
97
8
  Voix Celeste [TC] (flat)
61
8
  Viola
73
4
  Violina
73
8
  Viola Celeste [TC] (sharp)
61
4
  Salicet
8
  Viole d'Orchestre
73
2
  Salicet
8
  Viole Celeste [TC]
61
    Tremolo  
8
  Salicional
   
Zimbelstern +
10 bells
               
Nave Organ (Manual V) – 61 notes, partially enclosed (5" pressure) – south triforium crossing
16
  Bourdon [unit] **
97
8
  Trumpet
73
8
  Diapason **
73
8
  Oboe Horn
73
8
  Bourdon **
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Melodia
73
4
  Clairon Harmonique ** +
8
  Gamba
73
    Tremolo  
8
  Gamba Celeste [TC]
61
   
Chimes
25 tubes
4
  Octave [unit] **
73
    Nave Sub  
4
  Stopped Flute **
    Nave Unison Off  
4
  Violetta
73
    Nave Super  
2
  Super Octave **
8
  Triforium Trumpet ** + [18"]
61
 
  Fourniture IV ranks **
244
8
  Trompette en Chamade
SO
16
  Bombarde [unit] ** +
85
   
** unenclosed
8
  Trompette Harmonique ** +
       
               
Nave Pedal Organ – 32 notes
16
  Sub Bass
32
8
  Trompette Harmonique
NV
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
8
  Triforium Trumpet
NV
8
  Flute [Bdn.]
    Chimes
NV
16
  Bombarde
NV
       
           
+ new stops added 1994-97
Gallery Pedal Organ – 32 notes (6" pressure)
64
  Gravissima
derived
8
  Gamba
SO
 
     [derived from 32 Diapason]
8
  Cello
GT
32
  Diapason [open wood, 4"]
44
8
  Gedeckt
SW
       [1-12 in north triforium]
4
  Super Octave [1st Diap.]
32
  Contra Violone +
digital
4
  Flute [Bdn.]
32
  Bourdon +
digital
    Mixture V ranks
160
16
  Principal [32' Diap.]
16
  Tuba Profunda
SO
16
  First Diapason [unit]
56
16
  Posaune
GT
16
  Second Diapason
GT
16
  Contra Fagotto
SW
16
  Violone
GT
8
  Posaune 
GT
16
  Bourdon [unit]
56
   
Jeux de Bombardes – south triforium
16
  Contra Gamba
SO
32
  Contra Bombarde [unit, 18"]
68
16
  Viola
CH
16
  Bombarde
16
  Salicional
SW
8
  Trompette
16
  Dolce Bass
32
4
  Clairon
16
  Bourdon
SW
    String Organ  
8
  Octave [1st Diap.]
    Chimes
SO
8
  Flute [Bdn.]
     
               
CHANCEL ORGAN
               
Chancel Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure; 8" reeds)
16
  Diapason
73
2
  Flautino
CH
8
  First Diapason [unenc.]
61
    Mixture III ranks
183
8
  Second Diapason [ext. 16]
8
  Trumpet [unit]
73
8
  Bourdon
61
4
  Clarion
8
  Melodia
85
    Chimes
CH
8
  Viola da Gamba
CH
    Great Sub  
8
  Dulciana
CH
    Great Unison Off  
4
  Octave
    Great Super  
4
  Flute
CH
       
               
Chancel Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure; 8" reeds)
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt [unit]
97
2
  Gedecktflöte
8
  Gedeckt
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Salicional
73
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Voix Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Vox Humana
73
4
  Harmonic Flute
61
    Tremolo  
4
  Gedeckt
    Swell Sub  
4
  Salicet
    Swell Unison Off  
2
  Principal
    Swell Super  
               
Chancel Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed (6" pressure; 8" reeds)
16
  Bass Flute [TC]
4
  Dulcet
GT
16
  Dulciana [TC]
2
  Flautino
GT
8
  Diapason
GT
8
  Orchestral Oboe [synthetic]
8
  Viola da Gamba
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Melodia
GT
    Tremolo  
8
  Dulciana
73
   
Chimes
25 tubes
4
  Principal
GT
    Choir Sub  
4
  Gambette
    Choir Unison Off  
4
  Flute
    Choir Super  
               
Chancel Pedal Organ – 32 notes (6" pressure; 8" reeds)
32
  Resultant
derived
8
  Gamba
CH
16
  Diapason [ext. GT]
12
8
  Gedeckt
SW
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
16
  Double Trumpet
GT
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
8
  Trumpet
GT
8
  Bass Flute
4
  Clarion
GT
               
MIDI Controls (drawknobs – duplexed in left and right jambs)
    Great MIDI   Swell MIDI to Great
    Swell MIDI   Great MIDI to Pedal
    Solo MIDI   Swell MIDI to Pedal
    Pedal MIDI   Solo MIDI to Pedal
    Solo MIDI to Great   MIDI Tremolo
               
Couplers and Console Controls (two rows of rocking tablets above top manual)
    Gallery Great to Pedal 8', 4'   Gallery Great on Solo
    Gallery Swell to Pedal 8', 4'   Great-Choir Transfer
    Gallery Choir to Pedal 8', 4'   Chancel Great to Pedal 8', 4'
    Solo to Pedal 8', 4'   Chancel Swell to Pedal 8', 4'
    Nave to Pedal 8'   Chancel Choir to Pedal 8', 4'
    Gallery Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'   Chancel Swell to Great 16', 8', 4'
    Gallery Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'   Chancel Choir to Great 16', 8', 4'
    Solo to Great 16', 8', 4'   Chancel Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'
    Nave to Great 16', 8', 4'   Chancel on Nave
    Gallery Swell to Choir 16', 8', 4'    
    Solo to Choir 16', 8', 4'   Gallery Organ On
    Nave to Choir 16', 8', 4'   Chancel Organ On
    Gallery Choir to Swell 8'   Organs Separate
    Solo to Swell 8'   Gallery Crescendo Off
    Nave to Swell 8'   Chancel Crescendo Off
    Nave to Solo 16', 8', 4'   All Swells to Swell
               
Adjustable Combinations
   
Great Organs Pistons 0-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Swell Organs Pistons 0-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Choir Organs Pistons 0-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Solo Organ Pistons 0-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Nave Organ Pistons 0-1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8 (thumb)
Pedal Organs Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6 (thumb & toe)
Couplers Pistons 0-1-2-3-4 (thumb)
Entire Organ Pistons 1-2-3-4-5-6-7-8-9-10-11-12-13-14-15-16-17-18 (thumb & toe)
               
Reversibles
    Great to Pedal (thumb & toe)   64' Gravissima (toe)
    Swell to Pedal (thumb & toe)   32' Diapason (toe)
    Choir to Pedal (thumb & toe)   32' Contra Viol (toe)
    Solo to Pedal (thumb & toe)   32' Bourdon (toe)
    String to Pedal (thumb)   32' Contre Bombarde (toe)
    All Swells to Swell (thumb)   16' Bombarde (toe)
    Mixtures Off (thumb)   Adjustable Reversible (toe)
    Reeds Off (thumb)   Sforzando (thumb & toe)
    All Strings On (thumb)   Zimbelstern (thumb & toe)
    All Tremolos On (thumb)    
               
Sequencer Controls
    PREV and NEXT pistons under Swell manual
    NEXT piston under Great manual
    NEXT toe stud to right of Crescendo Pedal
               
Gallery Organ Console - Kilgen, Op. 3920 (1929) - St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)   Chancel Organ Console - Kilgen, Op. 3920 (1929) - St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City (photo: Steven E. Lawson)
Gallery Console (Turner, 1993)   Chancel Console (Turner, 1993)
           
  Original Gallery Organ Console - Kilgen, Op. 3920 (1929) - St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City (The Diapason, July 1930)
Geo. Kilgen & Son
St. Louis, Mo. – Opus 5918 (1930) – Gallery and Echo
Electro-pneumatic action
4 manual stopkey console, 157 stops, 114 ranks



In 1926, Pietro Yon was appointed Organist & Director of Music, and plans were initiated to replace the 1879 George Jardine & Son organ in the gallery and the 1880 J.H. & C.S. Odell organ in the chancel. The St. Louis firm of Geo. Kilgen & Son was contracted to build two new instruments according to designs heavily influenced by Mr. Yon.

The Kilgen company first installed the Chancel Organ in 1928. Its 1,480 pipes were encased in the north Ambulatory, across the aisle from its three-manual console.

During the installation period and concurrent renovation of the cathedral in 1927-31, a concrete-reinforced extension to the original gallery was constructed to accommodate the new Gallery Organ. In 1930, the Grand Gallery Organ, with one of the nation's most glorious wood façades adorned with angels and Latin inscriptions, was completed.

Tonal changes were made to the organs in the 1940s and 50s by Charles Courboin, the Belgian-born virtuoso who succeeded Pietro Yon. Courboin was organist at St. Patrick's Cathedral from 1943-1973, and had been organist for the John Wanamaker stores in Philadelphia and New York. In the 1970s, John Grady, cathedral organist from 1970-1990 and also organist of the Metropolitan Opera, instigated the revoicing of many reeds and the addition of the Trompette en Chamade.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Diapason [unit]
85
4
  Diapason
16
  Bourdon [unit]
85
4
  Principal
61
8
  First Diapason
61
4
  Clarabel Flute
61
8
  Second Diapason
4
  Flute Harmonic
61
8
  Horn Diapason
61
4
  Violina Sorda
8
  Philomela
61
2 2/3
  Nazard
8
  Clarabella
73
2
  Flute Octaviante
8
  Gamba
61
 
  Ripieno IV ranks
244
8
  Doppel Flute
61
16
  Posaune
61
8
  Violoncello
61
8
  Tromba [unit]
73
8
  Gedeckt
4
  Tromba Clarion
8
  Viol d'Amour
61
    Chimes
SO
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Salicional [unit]
97
4
  Salicional
16
  Bourdon [unit]
97
4
  Forest Flute
73
8
  Diapason Phonon
73
4
  Dolce Flute
8
  Open Diapason
73
2
  Flautino
61
8
  Small Diapason [unit]
85
 
  Ripieno V ranks
305
8
  Stopped Flute
73
    Dolce Cornet III ranks
183
8
  Flute Harmonic
73
16
  Fagotto
73
8
  Viol d'Gamba
73
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Viol d'Orchestre
73
8
  Corno di Bassetto
73
8
  Viol Celeste
73
8
  Oboe [unit]
85
8
  Salicional
4
  Oboe Clarion
8
  Voix Celeste
73
16
  Vox Humana [unit]
85
8
  Clarinet Flute
8
  Vox Humana
4
  Prestant
4
  Vox Humana
4
  Violina
73
    String Organ  
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Quintaton [unit]
85
4
  Flauto Traverso
16
  Contra Viole [unit]
97
4
  Flûte à Chiminée
73
8
  English Diapason
73
4
  Salicet
73
8
  Violin Diapason
73
4
  Violetta
8
  Tibia Minor
73
    Tertian II ranks
122
8
  Concert Flute [unit]
85
2
  Super Viola
61
8
  Flute Celeste [TC]
61
2
  Piccolo
8
  Viola Horn
73
8
  French Horn
73
8
  Quintadena
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Cor de Nuit
73
8
  Orchestral Oboe
73
8
  Cor de Nuit Celeste
73
   
Harp Celesta
61 bars
8
  Viole?
    String Organ  
               
Solo Organ (Manual IV) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Contra Gamba [unit]
85
4
  Fugara
73
8
  Stentorphone
73
16
  Tuba Profunda [unit]
97
8
  Flauto Major
73
8
  Tuba Sonora
73
8
  Gross Gamba
8
  Tuba Harmonic
8
  Gamba Celeste [TC]
61
8
  English Horn [Orchestral]
73
8
  Clarabella
73
8
  Solo Trumpet [Brass]
73
8
  Concerto Viola II ranks
134
4
  Tuba Clarion
4
  Octave
73
   
Chimes
25 tubes
4
  Flute Ouverte
73
    String Organ  
               
String Organ (floating) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Contra Salicional [unit]
97
8
  Violina Sarda
73
8
  Viol d'Orchestre
73
8
  Sordo Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Viol Celeste, sharp [TC]
61
4
  Violina
73
8
  Salicional
4
  Salicet
8
  Voix Celeste, flat [TC]
61
    Grand Celeste  
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
64
  Gravissima
derived
8
  Diapason
32
  Diapason [unit]
44
8
  Violone
32
  Resultant Bourdon derived
8
  Bass Flute
16
  Principal
8
  'Cello
16
  Diaphone
32
4
  Octave
16
  First Diapason [unit]
56
4
  Flute
16
  Second Diapason [from 32']
    Ripieno Great
GT
16
  Violone [unit]
44
    Ripieno Swell
SW
16
  First Bourdon [unit]
56
32
  Bombarde [unit]
56
16
  Second Bourdon
SW
16
  Bombarde
16
  Contra Gamba
SO
16
  Tuba Profunda
SO
16
  Salicional
SW
16
  Posaune
GT
16
  Viola
CH
16
  Fagotta
SW
16
  Dolce Bass
32
8
  Bombarde
10 2/3
  Quint
    String Organ  
               
Echo Organ (floating) – 61 notes (in South Gallery chamber)
16
  Bourdon [unit]
97
4
  Flute d'Amour
8
  Open Diapason
73
4
  Flauto Amabile
73
8
  Violin Diapason
73
2 2/3
  Flute Nazard
8
  Tibia Major
73
2
  Flautino
8
  Melodia
73
    Echo Ripieno V ranks
305
8
  Echo Gamba
73
8
  Trumpet
73
8
  Gemshorn
73
8
  Oboe Horn
73
8
  Gemshorn Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Keraulophon
73
8
  Echo Flute
8
  Vox Humana
73
8
  Vox Angelica
73
   
Chimes
25 tubes
8
  Vox Aetheria [TC]
61
    Tremolo  
4
  Violina
73
       
               
Echo Pedal Organ– 32 notes
16
  Sub Bass [unit]
44
8
  'Cello [Echo Gamba]
16
  Bourdon [ext. Tibia Major]
12
8
  Dolce Flute [man. Bourdon]
EC
16
  Still Gedeckt
    Ripieno V ranks
EC
8
  Bass Flute [Tibia]
16
  Posaune [ext. Trumpet]
12
           
  Chancel Organ Case of Kilgen, Op. 3920 (1929) - St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City (Photo: David Garvey; used by permission)
Geo. Kilgen & Son
St. Louis, Mo. – Opus 3920 (1928) – Chancel
Electro-pneumatic action
3 manual stopkey console, 46 stops, 23 ranks



In 1928, the first of two new organs built by Geo. Kilgen & Son of St. Louis was a small instrument installed in the north Ambulatory of the cathedral. A detached three-manual stopkey console controlled the four divisions, and its pipes were enclosed in an oak case.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes, enclosed with Choir except as noted
16
  Diapason
73
4
  Octave
8
  First Open Diapason *
61
4
  Flute
8
  Second Open Diapason
2
  Flute Octaviante
8
  Philomela *
61
8
  Tuba [unit]
73
8
  Viol de Gamba
CH
4
  Tuba Clarion
8
  Melodia
CH
    Ripieno V ranks
305
8
  Dulciana
73
   
* unenclosed
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon [unit]
97
4
  Flute d'Amour
8
  Open Diapason
73
4
  Violina
8
  Stopped Diapason
2
  Flautina
8
  Salicional
73
8
  Cornopean
73
8
  Voix Celeste [TC]
61
8
  Oboe
73
8
  Aeoline
73
8
  Vox Humana
73
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes, enclosed with Great
16
  Bass Flute [TC]
4
  Flute
16
  Contra Dulciana [TC]
GT
4
  Fugara
8
  Open Diapason
GT
4
  Dulcet
GT
8
  Violoncello
73
2
  Piccolo
8
  Melodia [unit]
85
8
  Orchestral Oboe [Synthetic]
8
  Quintadena
73
8
  Clarinet
73
8
  Dulce
GT
   
Chimes
25 tubes
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
32
  Resultant
derived
8
  Bass Flute
16
  Open Diapason [ext. GT]
12
8
  Dulce Flute
16
  Bourdon [unit]
44
8
  Violoncello
16
  Lieblich Gedeckt
SW
    Ripieno
               
Ripieno
Great Ripieno, 5 ranks to draw: Pedal Ripieno as specified in Great with:
8
  Open Diapason  
16
  Open Diapason  
8
  Second Open Diapason  
8
  Violoncello  
8
  Melodia  
8
  Bass Flute  
4
  Octave          
2
  Flute Octaviante          
           
J.H. & C.S. Odell
New York City – Opus 175 (1880)
Mechanical action
2 manuals, 20 stops, 23 ranks


In 1880, a Chancel organ was installed by J.H. & C.S. Odell. The following specification was recorded in an organ notebook by Lynnwood Farnam (1885-1930), noted concert organist of the early 20th century.
               
Great Organ (Manual I) – 58 notes
16
  Bourdon
58
4
  Principal
58
8
  Open Diapason
58
2 2/3
  Twelfth
58
8
  Melodia
58
2
  Fifteenth
58
8
  Gamba
58
    Mixture, 3 ranks
174
8
  Dolce
58
8
  Trumpet
58
               
Swell Organ (Manual II) – 58 notes, enclosed
8
  Open Diapason
58
4
  Flute Harmonique
58
8
  Salicional
58
2
  Piccolo
58
8
  Stopped Diapason
58
8
  Oboe
58
4
  Fugara
58
       
               
Pedal Organ– 30 notes
16
  Open Diapason
30
8
  Violoncello
30
16
  Bourdon
30
       
               
Couplers and Accessories
    Great to Pedal       Tremulant  
    Swell to Pedal       Bellows Signal
    Swell to Great       3 composition pedals to Great
    Great to Pedal reversible [bet. manuals]   Balanced Swell pedal
           
  Jardine & Son Organ (1879) formerly in St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York City (from Jardine & Son catalog)
 
St. Patrick's Organ Case, shown in Jardine & Son catalogue
George Jardine & Son
New York City (1879)
Mechanical action
4 manuals, 51 stops, 56? ranks


The first organ in the new St. Patrick's Cathedral was built in 1879 by George Jardine & Son of New York City. A notice placed by the firm in the June 28, 1879 issue of the American Art Journal stated, "The organ was built in the new open style, displaying all the pipes, symmetrically grouped, highly decorated in the Gothic style and richly gilded...There are four enormous pair of bellows, blown by French treadles, which require four men to handle them. Patent vacuum pallets overcome the tremendous wind pressure, rendering the touch pliable..." The uncased organ arranged the larger basses at the sides, with the smaller pipes and a sunburst display of flared-reed pipes in the center. Surprisingly, although sizes of both the organ and room warranted it, the organ lacked any 32' stops in the Pedal.

In 1905, organ builder Robert Hope-Jones installed the first Diaphone stop in country on the Jardine organ. This addition proved to be temporary.
               
Great Organ (Manual II) – 61 notes
16
  Double Open Diapason
61
3
  Nazard
61
8
  Grand Open Diapason
61
2
  Doublette
61
8
  Open Diapason
61
2
  Fife
61
8
  Stopped Diapason
61
    Plein Jeu, 5 ranks
305
8
  Gamba
61
16
  English Horn
61
4
  Prestant
61
8
  Trumpet
61
4
  Night Horn
61
4
  Clarion
61
               
Swell Organ (Manual III) – 61 notes, enclosed
16
  Bourdon
61
2
  Piccolo
61
16
  Open Diapason
61
    Cornet [3 ranks?]
183?
8
  Dolce
61
8
  Cornopean
61
8
  Viola d'Amour
61
8
  Hautboy and Bassoon
61
8
  Stopped Diapason
61
8
  Vox Humana
61
4
  Principal
61
    Tremulant  
4
  Pyramid Flute
61
       
               
Choir Organ (Manual I) – 61 notes
8
  Pyramid Diapason
61
4
  German Flute
61
8
  Clarabella
61
4
  Violin
61
8
  Lieblich Gedackt
61
2
  Flageolet
61
8
  Dulciana
61
8
  Cremona
61
8
  Keraulophone
61
       
               
Solo Organ/Clavier de Bombardes (Manual IV) – 61 notes
8
  Pyramid Diapason
61
16
  Bombarde
61
8
  Flute à Pavillon
61
8
  Horn
61
4
  Flute Harmonic
61
8
  Tuba Mirabilis
61
2
  Fife
61
8
  Posaune
61
               
Pedal Organ – 32 notes
16
  Open Diapason
32
8
  Violoncello
32
16
  Gamba
32
4
  Flute
32
16
  Bourdon
32
16
  Trombone
32
10 2/3
  Quint
32
       
               
1883 Advertisement for Jardine & Son Organbuilders, featuring their 1879 organ at St. Patrick's Cathedral - New York City
           
Sources:
     Archdiocese of New York web site: www.ny-archdiocese.org/pastoral/cathedral_about.html
     Biswanger, Ray. Music in the Marketplace: the Story of Philadelphia's Historic Wanamaker Organ. Bryn Mawr: The Friends of the Wanamaker Organ, Inc., 1999.
     Cameron, Peter T., "A Chronology of the Organ Builders Working in New York City from the Mid-eighteenth Century to the Early Twentieth Century," The Bicentennial Tracker. Richmond: Organ Historical Society, Inc., 1976.
     Cathedral of St. Patrick web site: http://www.saintpatrickscathedral.org
     The Diapason (August 1, 1927). Stoplists of Geo. Kilgen & Son organs: Chancel (Op. 3920, 1928) and Gallery (Op. 5918, 1930). Courtesy Jeff Scofield.
     Dunlap, David W. From Abyssinian to Zion: A Guide to Manhattan's Houses of Worship. New York: Columbia University Press, 2004.
     Farnam, Lynnwood. "Organ Notebook," p. 1422. Specifications of J.H. & C.S. Odell organ, Op. 175 (1880). John de Lancie Library, The Curtis Institute of Music, Philadelphia; Sally Branca, archivist. Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Ogasapian, John. Organ Building in New York City: 1700-1900. Stoplist of George Jardine & Son organ (1879). Braintree: The Organ Literature Foundation, 1977.

Illustrations:
     Baker, Mike ( www.bakerlite.co.uk/ ). Exterior. Used with permission.
     The Diapason (July 1930). Geo. Kilgen & Son Gallery Organ console. Courtesy Jeff Scofield.
     Garvey, David. Geo. Kilgen & Son Gallery Organ case. Used with permission.
     George Jardine & Son catalog. George Jardine & Son organ case. Courtesy Jonathan Bowen.
     Lawson, Steven E. Robert M: Turner consoles in gallery and chancel; Kilgen Gallery Organ case.