Century Theatre (orig. New Theatre) - New York City (credit: Library of Congress)
   
  Century Theatre (orig. New Theatre) - New York City (credit: Library of Congress)
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Century Theatre

Central Park West between 62nd and 63rd Streets
New York, N.Y. 10023

Organ Specifications:
• Welte-Mignon Corporation (1923)
III/13 Wurlitzer Organ Company, Op. 4 (1912)
II/7 Aeolian Company, Op. 1119 (1909)


Century Theatre (orig. New Theatre) - New York City (credit: Library of Congress)  
Century Roof Garden
"Cocoanut Grove Nightclub"
 
         
Welte-Mignon Corporation
Poughkeepsie, N.Y. (1923)
Electro-pneumatic action


Specifications of this organ have not yet been located.
           
Wurlitzer Organ Company
North Tonawanda, N.Y. – Opus 4 (1912)
Electro-pneumatic action
"Style 6"
3 manuals, 13 ranks


In 1912, probably when the New Theatre was remodeled and renamed the Century, a new Wurlitzer organ replaced the 1909 Aeolian organ. About a year after its installation, the organ was repossessed. In 1914, Wurlitzer moved the organ, as Op. 33, to the Criterion (Vitagraph) Theatre, adding a 32' Diaphone and 16' Trombone.
               
Pedal – 32 notes
16
  Ophicleide       Second Touch  
16
  Clarinet       Bass Drum  
16
  Horn       Kettle Drum  
16
  Diaphone       Crash Cymbal  
8
  Tuba Horn          
8
  Horn Diapason       Pizzicato Touch  
8
  Clarinet  
16
  Ophicleide  
8
  Cello          
8
  Flute       6 Adjustable Comb. Toe Pistons
    Great to Pedal          
    Solo Octave to Pedal          

     

     
Accompaniment (Manual I) –- 61 notes
16
  Contra Viol [TC]       Second Touch
16
  Tuba Horn  
8
  Tuba Horn  
8
  Horn Diapason       Cathedral Chimes  
8
  Clarinet       Sleigh Bells  
8
  Viol d'Orchestre       Xylophone  
8
  Viol Celeste       Triangle  
8
  Flute       Solo to Accompaniment  
8
  Vox Humana        
4
  Viol       Pizzicato Touch
4
  Octave Celeste  
8
  Flute  
4
  Flute       Solo to Accompaniment  
2 2/3
  Twelfth          
2
  Piccolo       10 Adjustable Comb. Pistons
   
Chrysoglott
49 notes
       
               
Great (Manual II) –- 61 notes
16
  Ophicleide  
2
  Piccolo  
16
  Clarinet  
1 3/5
  Tierce  
16
  Contre Viol [TC]      
Chimes
25 notes
16
  Vox Humana [TC]      
Sleigh Bells
25 notes
8
  Tuba Horn
85
   
Xylophone
37 notes
8
  Horn Diapason
85
   
Glockenspiel
37 notes
8
  Clarinet
61
   
Saucer Bells [re-it]
25 notes
8
  Viol d'Orchestre
73
    Solo Octave  
8
  Viol Celeste
73
       
8
  Flute
85
    Second Touch
8
  Vox Humana
61
16
  Ophicleide  
4
  Clarion       Solo to Great  
4
  Octave          
4
  Viol       Pizzicato Touch
4
  Octave Celeste       Solo to Great  
4
  Flute          
2 2/
  Twelfth       10 Adjustable Comb. Pistons
2
  Fifteenth          

     

     
Solo (Manual III) – 37 notes (3 octaves from Tenor C up)
8
  Tibia Clausa
49
    Cathedral Chimes  
8
  Trumpet
49
    Sleigh Bells  
8
  Orchestral Oboe
49
    Xylophone  
8
  Kinura
49
    Saucer Bells  
8
  Oboe Horn
49
    Glockenspiel  
8
  Celestina
49
   
6 Adjustable Combination Pistons
               
General
    Two Expression Pedals
    Two Indicating and Controlling Key for Expression Pedal
    Two Tremulants
    Thunder Pedal (Reed) – Piano Pedal
    Thunder Pedal (Diaphone) – Piano Pedal
    Re-Iterator for Strings
    Re-Iterator for Solo
    One Double Touch Sforzando Pedal - Piano Pedal
     • 1st Touch: Full Organ (wind)
     • 2nd Touch: Everything
    One Double Touch Sforzando Pedal - Piano Pedal
     • 1st Touch: Snare Drum
     • 2nd Touch: Bass Drum & Cymbals
           
Aeolian Company
New York City – Opus 1119 (1909)
Electro-pneumatic action
2 manuals, 13 stops, 7 ranks


The Aeolian organ for the New Theatre was installed on a platform above the stage, and the movable console was connected to the organ by a 100' long cable.
               
Manuale I – 61 notes, enclosed (3½" wind pressure)
16
  Diapason (deep) [ext.]
12
8
  Flute F
61
8
  Diapason FF [ 4½" w.p.]
61
4
  Diapason (high)
61
8
  Flute FF [Gross Flute]
61
8
  Trumpet
61
8
  Diapason F
61
       
               
Manuale II – 61 notes, enclosed (3½" wind pressure)
8
  Diapason F
8
  Trumpet
8
  Flute F
    Tremolo  
4
  Diapason (high)
       
               
Pedal – 30 notes (4½" wind pressure)
16
  Diapason (deep)
42
       
16
  Trumpet (deep) [ext.]
       
               
Couplers
    Manual II to Manual I 8', 4'   Manual I to Pedal
    Manuale I 16', Unison Release, 4'   Manual II to Pedal
    Manuale II 16', Unison Release, 4'      
               
Accessories
    Tonal Pedal   Expression Pedal  
    Sforzando Pedal   Tremolo  
           
Sources:
     "The Century's Swan Song," The New York Times, November 16, 1930.
     Junchen, David L. Encyclopedia of the American Theatre Organ, Vol. 1. Pasadena: Showcase Publications, 1985.
     Junchen, David L., comp. and ed. by Jeff Weiler. The WurliTzer Pipe Organ – An Illustrated History. Chicago: The American Theatre Organ Society, 2005.
     
Kaufmann, Preston J. Encyclopedia of the American Theatre Organ, Vol. 3. Pasadena: Showcase Publications, 1995.
     Salwen, Peter. Upper West Side Story: A History and Guide. New York: Abbeville Press, 1989.
     Smith, Rollin. The Aeolian Pipe Organ and its Music. Richmond: The Organ Historical Society, 1998. Specifications of Aeolian Organ, Op. 1119 (1909).

Photos:
     Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division: exterior, interior and roof garden (1909).